Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin

About Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin

Who is it?: French Politician
Birth Day: February 18, 2002
Birth Place: Paris, French
Died On: December 31, 1874
Birth Sign: Pisces

Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin Net Worth

Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin was bornon February 18, 2002 in Paris, French, is French Politician. Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin was a French politician and lawyer whose active radical and political activism earned him a prominent place in the French second Republic. He was also instrumental in bringing about universal male suffrage in France. His defense of republicans, who were accused of political offences, brought him recognition as a lawyer. He also served as the editor of a leading law journal titled, “Journal du Palais” for ten years. In the beginning of his political career, he was a well known leader of the working-men of France, but in later on he lost his influence on them due to his strong campaign for labor. He was the socialist candidate who stood against Louis Napoleon and was well known for his violent and electoral speeches. He also played an important role in the revolution of 1848. He held the position of Deputy for Le Mans. In later period of his life he led a moderate political group known as ‘The Mountain’ which secured 25% of the votes in the 1849 legislative election. He was accused of plotting against Napoleon III of France and had to lead a life of exile for almost 20 years.
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Biography/Timeline

1791

Under Louis Philippe he made large contributions to French jurisprudence, editing the Journal du palais, 1791–1837 (27 you., 1837) and 1837–1847 (17 vols.), with a commentary Repertoire général de la jurisprudence française (8 vols., 1843–1848), the introduction to which was written by himself. His later writings were political in character. See Ledru-Rollin, ses discours et ses écrits politiques (2 vols., Paris, 1879), edited by his widow.

1830

The grandson of Nicolas Philippe Ledru, the celebrated quack Doctor known as "Comus" under Louis XV and Louis XVI, Ledru-Rollin was born in Paris. He had just begun to practise at the Parisian bar before the Revolution of July 1830 and was retained for the Republican defence in most of the great political trials of the next ten years. In 1838, he bought for 330,000 francs Désiré Dalloz's place in the Court of Cassation. He was elected deputy for Le Mans in 1841 with little opposition; but the violence of his electoral speeches led to his being tried at Angers and sentenced to four months' imprisonment and a fine, against which he appealed successfully on a technical point.

1843

He made a rich and romantic marriage in 1843 and, in 1846, disposed of his charge at the Court of Cassation to give his time entirely to politics. He was now the recognized leader of the working-men of France. He had more authority in the country than in the Chamber, where the violence of his oratory diminished its effect. He asserted that the fortifications of Paris were directed against liberty, not against foreign invasion, and he stigmatized the law of regency (1842) as an audacious usurpation.

1848

It was the speeches of Ledru-Rollin and Louis Blanc at working-men's banquets in Lille, Dijon and Chalons that heralded the revolution of 1848. Ledru-Rollin prevented the appointment of the Duchess of Orleans as regent in 1848. He and Alphonse de Lamartine held the tribune in the Chamber of Deputies until the Parisian populace stopped serious discussion by invading the Chamber. He was minister of the interior in the provisional government, and was also a member of the executive committee appointed by the Constituent Assembly, from which Louis Blanc and the extremists were excluded. At the crisis of 15 May, he definitively sided with Lamartine and the party of order against the proletariat.

1849

Henceforward his position was a difficult one. He never regained his influence with the working classes, who considered they had been betrayed; but to his short ministry belongs the credit of the establishment of a working system of universal suffrage. At the presidential election in December he was put forward as the Socialist candidate, but secured only 370,000 votes. Ledru-Rollin led The Mountain, a republican grouping, to the 1849 legislative election, and secured 25% of the vote. His opposition to the policy of President Louis Napoleon, especially his Roman policy, led to his moving the impeachment of the President and his ministers. The motion was defeated, and the next day (13 June 1849) he headed what he called a peaceful demonstration, and his enemies armed insurrection.

1857

Ledru-Rollin himself escaped to London where he joined the executive of the revolutionary committee of Europe, with Lajos Kossuth and Giuseppe Mazzini among his colleagues. He was accused of complicity in an obscure attempt (1857) against the life of Napoleon III of France, and condemned in his absence to deportation. Émile Ollivier removed the exceptions from the general amnesty in 1870, and Ledru-Rollin returned to France after twenty years of exile. Though elected in 1871 in three departments he refused to sit in the National Assembly, and took no serious part in politics until 1874 when he was returned to the Assembly as member for Vaucluse.