John Hasbrouck Van Vleck

About John Hasbrouck Van Vleck

Who is it?: Physicist, Mathematician
Birth Day: March 13, 1899
Birth Place: Middletown, Connecticut, United States
Died On: October 27, 1980(1980-10-27) (aged 81)\nCambridge, Massachusetts
Birth Sign: Aries
Alma mater: University of Wisconsin-Madison Harvard University
Known for: Van Vleck paramagnetism, Van Vleck transformations, Van Vleck formula
Awards: Irving Langmuir Award (1965) National Medal of Science (1966) ForMemRS (1967) Elliott Cresson Medal (1971) Lorentz Medal (1974) Nobel Prize in Physics (1977)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: University of Minnesota University of Wisconsin–Madison Harvard University University of Oxford Balliol College, Oxford
Doctoral advisor: Edwin C. Kemble
Doctoral students: Robert Serber Edward Mills Purcell Philip Anderson Thomas Kuhn John Atanasoff

John Hasbrouck Van Vleck Net Worth

John Hasbrouck Van Vleck was bornon March 13, 1899 in Middletown, Connecticut, United States, is Physicist, Mathematician. John Hasbrouck Van Vleck was an American physicist and mathematician who won a share of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the understanding of the behavior of electrons in magnetic solids. It was during the 1930s that he developed the first fully articulated quantum mechanical theory of magnetism. Along with his significant contributions to the study of magnetism, he also made valuable inputs to studies of the spectra of free molecules, of paramagnetic relaxation, and other topics. The son of mathematician Edward Burr Van Vleck, and grandson of astronomer John Monroe Van Vleck, he grew up in an intellectually stimulating atmosphere, and was encouraged from a young age to pursue scientific enquires. As a young man he attended the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Harvard University from where he completed his doctorate. He ventured into an academic career and taught at various universities before returning to Harvard where he eventually became the chairman of the physics department. His important research in the quantum mechanical theory of magnetism and the crystal field theory led him to be regarded as the Father of Modern Magnetism.
John Hasbrouck Van Vleck is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Awards and nominations:

He was awarded the Irving Langmuir Award in 1965, the National Medal of Science in 1966 and elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1967. He was awarded the Elliott Cresson Medal in 1971, the Lorentz Medal in 1974 and the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977.

Biography/Timeline

1923

He joined the University of Minnesota as an assistant professor in 1923, then moved to the University of Wisconsin–Madison before settling at Harvard. He also earned Honorary D. Sc., or D. Honoris Causa, degree from Wesleyan University in 1936.

1942

J. H. Van Vleck participated in the Manhattan Project. In June 1942, J. Robert Oppenheimer held a summer study for confirming the concept and feasibility of a nuclear weapon at the University of California, Berkeley. Eight theoretical Scientists, including J. H. Van Vleck, attended it. From July to September, the theoretical study group examined and developed the principles of atomic bomb design.

1943

J. H. Van Vleck's theoretical work led to the establishment of the Los Alamos Nuclear Weapons Laboratory. He also served on the Los Alamos Review committee in 1943. The committee, established by General Leslie Groves, also consisted of W. K. Lewis of MIT, Chairman; E. L. Rose, of Jones & Lamson; E. B. Wilson of Harvard; and Richard C. Tolman, Vice Chairman of NDRC. The committee's important contribution (originating with Rose) was a reduction in the size of the firing gun for the Little Boy atomic bomb, a concept that eliminated additional design weight and sped up production of the bomb for its eventual release over Hiroshima. However, it was not employed for the Fat Man bomb at Nagasaki, which relied on implosion of a plutonium shell to reach critical mass.

1950

In 1950 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1966 and the Lorentz Medal in 1974. For his contributions to the understanding of the behavior of electrons in magnetic solids, Van Vleck was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 1977, along with Philip W. Anderson and Sir Nevill Mott. Van Vleck transformations, Van Vleck paramagnetism and Van Vleck formula are named after him.

1961

In 1961/62 he was George Eastman Visiting Professor at University of Oxford and held a professorship at Balliol College.

1965

He was awarded the Irving Langmuir Award in 1965, the National Medal of Science in 1966 and elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1967. He was awarded the Elliott Cresson Medal in 1971, the Lorentz Medal in 1974 and the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977.

1980

J. H. Van Vleck and his wife Abigail were also important art Collectors, particularly in the medium of Japanese woodblock prints (principally Ukiyo-e), known as Van Vleck Collection. It was inherited from his father Edward Burr Van Vleck. They donated it to the Chazen Museum of Art in Madison, Wisconsin in 1980s.

2013

Born in Middletown, Connecticut, the son of Mathematician Edward Burr Van Vleck and grandson of Astronomer John Monroe Van Vleck, he grew up in Madison, Wisconsin, and received an A.B. degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1920. Then he went to Harvard for graduate studies and earned a Ph.D degree in 1922.