Jerome Isaac Friedman

About Jerome Isaac Friedman

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: March 28, 1930
Birth Place: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Birth Sign: Aries
Alma mater: University of Chicago
Known for: Experimental proof of quarks
Spouse(s): Tania Letetsky-Baranovsky (m. 1956; 4 children)
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: MIT
Doctoral advisor: Enrico Fermi

Jerome Isaac Friedman Net Worth

Jerome Isaac Friedman was bornon March 28, 1930 in Chicago, Illinois, United States, is Physicist. Jerome Isaac Friedman is an American physicist who was awarded the highly prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 for giving the world the experimental proof of quarks. He shared the prize with Richard Taylor and Henry Kendall, his collaborators during his peak productive years of research between 1967 and 1975. Friedman’s tryst for science began when he was in high school. An art aficionado, a chance reading of Einstein’s ‘Relativity’ drew Friedman to the science of the physical world. He gave up his art ambition for science. Enrico Fermi acted as Friedman’s guardian during his PhD years. Together the two investigated particle structure and interactions of high energy electrons, neutrinos, and hadrons. These formative experiences played a quintessential role in Friedman’s career development. In 1967, together with Taylor and Kendall, he made their life’s greatest discovery by giving the scientific world the experimental evidence of quarks. Through their experiment, they aimed charged electrons at protons and neutrons using a large accelerator. As a result, protons sometimes converted into other particles which led to the development of quark model in particle physics.
Jerome Isaac Friedman is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1956

Born in Chicago, Illinois to Lillian (née Warsaw) and Selig Friedman, a sewing machine salesman, Friedman's Jewish parents emigrated to the U.S. from Russia. Jerome Friedman excelled in art but became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein. He turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago in order to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

1968

In 1968-69, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Friedman is also a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

2003

In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto. He is an atheist.

2008

In 2008, Friedman received an honorary Ph.D from the University of Belgrade. He is an honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics and the Faculty's world-famous institutes: Institute of Physics, Institute of Physics, Zemun and Vinca Nuclear Institute.