Horst Ludwig Störmer

About Horst Ludwig Störmer

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: April 06, 1949
Birth Place: Frankfurt, Germany, German
Birth Sign: Taurus
Alma mater: University of Stuttgart Goethe University Frankfurt
Known for: Fractional quantum Hall effect
Awards: Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1984) Nobel Prize in Physics (1998) The Benjamin Franklin Medal (1998)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: Columbia University Bell Labs
Doctoral advisor: Hans-Joachim Queisser

Horst Ludwig Störmer Net Worth

Horst Ludwig Störmer was bornon April 06, 1949 in Frankfurt, Germany, German, is Physicist. Horst Ludwig Störmer is a German-born American physicist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to the discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations. He spent several years working at Bell Labs with another prominent scientist, Daniel Tsui, with whom he conducted the experiments on the quantum Hall effect. Born into a middle-class, close-knit family in Germany, he grew up building castles and other structures as a child which demonstrated his early aptitude for both physics and architecture. After completing his schooling, he decided to study architecture but changed his mind mid-way and shifted to mathematics and physics. After graduating from the University of Frankfurt he proceeded to earn a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Stuttgart after completing his doctoral work under Prof. Hans-Joachim Queisser. He soon moved to the United States to take up a job at the Bell Labs, the research arm of American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T). It was here that he became acquainted with Daniel Tsui, an expert on two-dimensional electron systems in silicon. The two men collaborated to perform important research on the quantum Hall effect which eventually led to the discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect.
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Biography/Timeline

1949

Horst Ludwig Störmer (born April 6, 1949) is a German-born American Physicist, Nobel laureate and emeritus professor at Columbia University. He was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics jointly with Daniel Tsui and Robert Laughlin "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations" (the fractional quantum Hall effect). He and Tsui were working at Bell Labs at the time of the experiment cited by the Nobel committee.

1977

Störmer moved to France to carry out his PhD research in Grenoble, working in a high-magnetic field laboratory which was run jointly between the French CNRS and the German Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Störmer's academic advisor was Prof. Hans-Joachim Queisser, and he was awarded a PhD by the University of Stuttgart in 1977 for his thesis on investigations of electron hole droplets subject to high magnetic fields. He also met his wife, Dominique Parchet, while working in Grenoble.

1981

Perhaps as important as the work for which he won the Nobel prize is his invention of modulation doping, a method for making extremely high mobility two dimensional electron systems in semiconductors. This enabled the later observation of the fractional quantum Hall effect, which was discovered by Störmer and Tsui in October 1981 in an experiment carried out in the Francis Bitter High Magnetic Field Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Within a year of the experimental discovery, Robert Laughlin was able to explain its results. Störmer, Tsui and Laughlin were jointly awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work.