Louis Néel

About Louis Néel

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: November 22, 1904
Birth Place: Lyon, France, French
Died On: 17 November 2000(2000-11-17) (aged 95)\nBrive-la-Gaillarde
Birth Sign: Sagittarius
Alma mater: École Normale Supérieure, University of Paris University of Strasbourg
Known for: Néel effect Néel relaxation theory
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1970) ForMemRS (1966) Legion of Honour (1966)
Fields: Solid-state physics
Institutions: CNRS, Grenoble
Doctoral advisor: Pierre Weiss

Louis Néel Net Worth

Louis Néel was bornon November 22, 1904 in Lyon, France, French, is Physicist. Louis Eugène Félix Néel was a noted French physicist who was jointly awarded the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1970 with Swedish astrophysicist Hannes Alfvén for his leading-edge research work on the magnetic properties of solids. A Doctor of Science from the ‘University of Strasbourg’ his scientific contributions in the field of solid state physics led to several significant applications especially in developing advanced memory units of computer. Existence of a new type of magnetic behavior that is anti-ferromagnetism, which is contrary to ferromagnetism, was proposed by him. The behavior ceases to exist after reaching a certain level of temperature, the Néel temperature. He also suggested existence of materials that display ferrimagnetism. His elucidation on weak magnetism of some rocks paved way for the study of magnetic field of the Earth. His contribution in national defence, especially his studies in safeguarding warships through demagnetization against magnetic mines, fetched him several laurels. He was honored with Légion d'honneur and made the Knight (1940) and the Officer (1951), Commander (1958), Grand Officier de la Légion d'honneur (1966) and Grand Cross (1974). The military decoration of France, Croix de Guerre with Palms was conferred upon him in 1940. He also became the ‘Commander of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques’ in 1957; the ‘Knight of the Social Order of Merit’ in 1963; and was made the Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit in 1972. He was elected as ‘Foreign Member of the Royal Society’ (ForMemRS) in 1966.
Louis Néel is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some Louis Néel images

Awards and nominations:

Néel received numerous awards and honours for his work including:

Owing to his involvement in national defense, particularly through research in the protection of warships by demagnetization against magnetic mines, he received numerous distinctions:

The Louis Néel Medal – awarded annually by the European Geophysical Society is named in Néels honour.

Biography/Timeline

1970

Néel studied at the Lycée du Parc in Lyon and was accepted at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He obtained the degree of Doctor of Science at the University of Strasbourg. He was corecipient (with the Swedish Astrophysicist Hannes Alfvén) of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1970 for his pioneering studies of the magnetic properties of solids. His contributions to solid state physics have found numerous useful applications, particularly in the development of improved computer memory units. About 1930 he suggested that a new form of magnetic behavior might exist; called antiferromagnetism, as opposed to ferromagnetism. Above a certain temperature (the Néel temperature) this behaviour stops. Néel pointed out (1948) that materials could also exist showing ferrimagnetism. Néel has also given an explanation of the weak magnetism of certain rocks, making possible the study of the history of Earth's magnetic field.

2013

The Louis Néel Medal – awarded annually by the European Geophysical Society is named in Néels honour.