|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,096,001|
|• Density||500/km (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,800/km (4,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinWade–GilesIPA||Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Xiányáng Wade–Giles Hsien-yang IPA [ɕjɛ̌n.jǎŋ] XiányángHsien-yang[ɕjɛ̌n.jǎŋ]|
From the end of the 1950s until the middle of the 1990s, archaeologists discovered and excavated a large numbers of Qin era sites in Xian Yang, including palaces, workshops and tombs.
Chinese Bureau of Statistics lists the urban population of the city at 316,641 (1990 Census), rising to 814,625 (2000 Census), and 835,648 in 2010 Census. Despite being a former national capital, the city suffers from extreme air pollution.