Vincent du Vigneaud

About Vincent du Vigneaud

Who is it?: Biochemist
Birth Day: May 18, 1901
Birth Place: Chicago, Illinois, USA, United States
Died On: December 11, 1978(1978-12-11) (aged 77)\nIthaca, New York, USA
Birth Sign: Gemini
Alma mater: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign University of Rochester
Awards: Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1948) Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1955) Willard Gibbs Award (1956)
Fields: Chemistry
Doctoral advisor: John R. Murlin

Vincent du Vigneaud Net Worth

Vincent du Vigneaud was bornon May 18, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois, USA, United States, is Biochemist. Vincent du Vigneaud was an American biochemist who was awarded ‘Nobel Prize in Chemistry’ in 1955 for isolating and synthesizing two hormones, oxytocin and vasopressin, both of which are classically considered to be associated with the posterior pituitary. While the former acts as a prime agent in effecting uterine contractions and lactation, the latter arouses blood pressure by contraction of arterioles and also stimulates water retention. The chemical structure of the two hormones were also analysed by him and his team. He was the first in the field to synthesize a protein hormone that is oxytocin. He also achieved path-breaking success by synthesizing penicillin. His other scientific endeavours included identifying the chemical structure of the peptide hormone insulin and the sulfur-bearing biotin. Throughout his career he held several significant positions. He remained Head of the Biochemistry Department of the George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. He served the Cornell University Medical College, New York City for almost three decades and held positions of Professor and Head of the Department of Biochemistry. He also served ‘Cornell University’ in Ithaca, New York as a Professor of Chemistry. Apart from the ‘Nobel Prize’ he received several other awards and medals including ‘Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research’ from the ‘American Public Health Association’ in 1948 and the ‘Passano Award’ from the ‘Passano Foundation’ in 1955.
Vincent du Vigneaud is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1918

Du Vigneaud graduated from Schurz High School in 1918. He began studying chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was influenced by lectures of Carl Shipp Marvel. After receiving his M.S. in 1924 he joined DuPont.

1924

He married Zella Zon Ford on June 12, 1924. Restarting his academic career in 1925, he joined the group of John R. Murlin at the University of Rochester for his Ph.D thesis. He graduated in 1927 with his work, The Sulfur in Insulin.

1927

After post-doctoral position with John Jacob Abel at Johns Hopkins University Medical School (1927-1928), he traveled to Europe as National Research Council Fellow in 1928-1929, where he worked with Max Bergmann at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Leather Research in Dresden, and with George Barger at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. He then returned to the University of Illinois as a professor.

1930

He joined Alpha Chi Sigma while at the University of Illinois in 1930.

1932

He next went to George Washington University Medical School in Washington, D.C. in 1932 and to Cornell Medical College in New York City in 1938, where he stayed until his emeritation in 1967. Following that retirement, he held a position at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

1974

In 1974 he suffered from a stroke which ended his academic career. One year after his wife's death in 1977, he died.