Sir Richard Stone

About Sir Richard Stone

Who is it?: Economist
Birth Day: August 30, 1913
Birth Place: London, British
Died On: 6 December 1991(1991-12-06) (aged 78)\nCambridge, England, United Kingdom
Birth Sign: Virgo
Institution: Cambridge University
Field: Economics
Alma mater: Cambridge University
Doctoral students: James Mirrlees Angus Deaton
Influences: James Meade Colin Clark
Contributions: National accounts, input-output
Awards: Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1984)

Sir Richard Stone Net Worth

Sir Richard Stone was bornon August 30, 1913 in London, British, is Economist. Sir John Richard Nicholas (Dick) Stone was an outstanding figure in postwar British applied econometrics. He was one of the pioneering architects of national income accounting and was amongst the first contemporary economists of his generation to distinctively blend theory and application in his approach to economic analysis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for his significant contributions to the empirical analysis of consumer behavior. His distinctive contribution was however to integrate national income into the double book-keeping format. This technique has been universally accepted as the best way to measure national income. Nowadays, he is often referred to as ‘the father of national income accounting’. A noble prize winner, Sir Richard Stone’s “Growth Project” created a remarkable macroeconomic model of the British economy. His tenure at the Department of Applied Economics, Cambridge, was instrumental in turning the institute into the best center for applied economics and became a hive attracting top notch economists from around the world.
Sir Richard Stone is a member of Intellectuals & Academics

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1913

Richard Stone was born in London, UK on 30 August 1913. He received an English upper middle class education when he was a child as he attended Cliveden Place and Westminster School. However, he had not been taught mathematics and science until secondary school. When he was 17 years old, he followed his father to India as his father was appointed as a judge in Madras. From India, he visited many Asian countries: Malaya, Singapore, and Indonesia. After travelling for one year, he went back to London and studied at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge in 1931, where he studied law for two years.

1930

The young Stone then changed to reading economics. He was interested in economics as he taught that "if there were more economists, the world would be a better place". During the Great Slump of the 1930s, the level of unemployment was very high and it motivated him to know what caused it and how to overcome it. He faced a challenge from his parents as they were disappointed to his choice. However, Stone was very enthusiastic to be an Economist and then enjoyed his time studying economics. At his new major, he got supervision from Richard Kahn and Gerald Shove. However, Stone's quantitative mind had been greatly influenced by Colin Clark, Stone's Teacher in statistics at Cambridge. Colin then introduced Stone to his project in measuring the national income. This project then brought the greatest name for Stone as he received Nobel Prize because of this topic. After their meeting at Cambridge, Stone and Clark then became best friends.

1936

Stone married three times. In 1936, he married Winifred Mary Jenkins who was also from Cambridge. Both of them had a passion for Economics and started a monthly paper called Trends, which was a supplement to the periodical, Industry Illustrated. It contained articles about the British economic conditions. Soon after, in 1939, he was asked to join the Ministry of Economic Warfare. The couple's marriage dissolved in 1940.

1941

Soon after, In 1941 Stone married his second wife Feodora Leontinoff. Feodora died in 1956.

1945

After the war, Stone took up an academic career when he worked at Cambridge as the Director of the new Department of Applied Economics (1945–1955). As the Director, Stone made the Department focus on research programmes about economic theory and statistical methodology. This strategy attracted many top economists in that era to join the Department. Some remarkable works at the Department were, for Example, Durbin and Watson on testing serial correlation in econometrics, and Alan Prest and Derek Rowe on demand analysis. This condition made DAE become one of the leading quantitative economic research centres in the world in his era. Stone himself had many projects in DAE: national accounting where he had employed Agatha Chapman as a research associate, the analysis of consumer demand, and the system of socio-demographic account.

1955

In 1955, Stone gave up his Directorship at the department as he was appointed as the P.D. Leake Chair of Finance and Accounting at Cambridge (emeritus from 1980). Together with Alan Brown he began the Cambridge Growth Project, which developed the Cambridge Multisectoral Dynamic Model of the British economy (MDM) . In building the Cambridge Growth Project, they used Social Accounting Matrices (SAM), which also formed computable equilibrium model which then developed at the World Bank. He was succeeded as leader of the Cambridge Growth Project by Terry Barker. In 1970, Stone was appointed as the Chairman of the Faculty Board of Economics and Politics for the next two years. A company founded by members of the Department and limited by guarantee, Cambridge Econometrics, was founded in 1978 with Stone as its first honorary President. The company continues to develop MDM and to use the model to make economic forecasts. Before retiring from Cambridge in 1980, Stone served as the President of the Royal Economic Society for 1978–1980.

1960

In 1960, he married Giovanna Saffi, great-grandchild of Italian patriot Aurelio Saffi, who became his partner in many of his works. They collaborated for some projects in economics, for Example in rewriting his book "National Income and Expenditure" in 1961.

1984

Stone in 1984 received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for developing an accounting model that could be used to track economic activities on a national and, later, an international scale.

1991

Stone died on 6 December 1991 in Cambridge, aged 78. He was survived by his third wife Giovanna, and his daughter Caroline.