Sir Bernard Katz

About Sir Bernard Katz

Who is it?: Biophysicist
Birth Day: March 26, 1911
Birth Place: Leipzig, Germany, British
Died On: 20 April 2003(2003-04-20) (aged 92)\nLondon, UK
Birth Sign: Aries
Alma mater: University of Leipzig
Known for: Neurophysiology of the synapse in 197
Spouse(s): Marguerite ("Rita") Penly Katz (d.1999) (2 children)
Awards: FRS (1952) Copley Medal (1967) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1970)
Fields: Neurophysiology
Institutions: University College London University of Sydney Sydney Hospital
Academic advisors: Archibald Hill

Sir Bernard Katz Net Worth

Sir Bernard Katz was bornon March 26, 1911 in Leipzig, Germany, British, is Biophysicist. Sir Bernard Katz was a German born biophysicist who is known for his remarkable work on nerve biochemistry. He, along with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler, was one of the co-recipients of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He belonged to a Jewish family originally from Russia. From the childhood, he faced lot of discriminations because of his religion. However, when at the age of twenty-two, he could not publicly receive Siegfried Garten prize because he was dubbed non-Aryan, he decided to migrate. Soon after receiving his degree in medicine from the University of Leipzig, he went to England to work under Archibald Vivian Hill—who was known for rescuing more than 900 academics from Nazi persecution—at University College London (UCL). There, he finished his doctoral work within a short time, but received his degree only after he had received his British citizenship. After the World War II, he joined his alma mater UCL and undertook research on nerve impulse. His work on that subject earned him Nobel Prize. More importantly, it had immense influence both on physiology and pharmacology. He also headed the Department of Biophysics for a long time and under him it became a center of excellence.
Sir Bernard Katz is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1921

Katz was born in Leipzig, Germany, to a Jewish family originally from Russia, the son of Eugenie (Rabinowitz) and Max Katz, a fur merchant. He was educated at the Albert Gymnasium in that city from 1921 to 1929 and went on to study Medicine at the University of Leipzig. He graduated in 1934 and fled to Britain in February 1935, because the rise of Hitler made for a dangerous environment for Jews.

1938

Katz went to work at University College London, initially under the tutelage of Archibald Vivian Hill. He finished his PhD in 1938 and won a Carnegie Fellowship to study with John Carew Eccles at the Kanematsu Institute of Sydney Medical School. During this time, both he and Eccles gave research lectures at the University of Sydney. He was naturalised in 1941 and joined the Royal Australian Air Force in 1942. He spent the war in the Pacific as a radar officer and returned to UCL as an assistant Director in 1946.

1950

His research uncovered fundamental properties of synapses, the junctions across which nerve cells signal to each other and to other types of cells. By the 1950s, he was studying the biochemistry and action of acetylcholine, a signalling molecule found in synapses linking motor neurons to muscles, used to stimulate contraction. Katz won the Nobel for his discovery with Paul Fatt that neurotransmitter release at synapses is "quantal", meaning that at any particular synapse, the amount of neurotransmitter released is never less than a certain amount, and if more is always an integral number times this amount. Scientists now understand that this circumstance arises because, prior to their release into the synaptic gap, transmitter molecules reside in like-sized subcellular packages known as synaptic vesicles, released in a similar way to any other vesicle during exocytosis.

1963

Back in England he also worked with the 1963 Nobel prize winners Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley. Katz was made a professor at UCL in 1952 and head of biophysics, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1952. He stayed as head of biophysics until 1978 when he became emeritus professor.

2003

Katz married Marguerite Penly in 1945. He died in London on 20 April 2003, at the age of 92. He is survived by his two sons, David and Jonathan,. David is a scientist, while Jonathan is Public Orator of The University of Oxford.