Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

About Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: October 24, 1932
Birth Place: Paris, France, French
Died On: May 18, 2007(2007-05-18) (aged 74)\nOrsay, France
Birth Sign: Scorpio
Alma mater: École Normale Supérieure University of Paris
Awards: ForMemRS (1984) Matteucci Medal (1987) Harvey Prize (1988) Lorentz Medal (1990) Wolf Prize (1990) Nobel Prize for Physics (1991) Eringen Medal (1998)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: ESPCI Collège de France University of Paris XI

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Net Worth

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes was bornon October 24, 1932 in Paris, France, French, is Physicist. Pierre Gilles de Gennes was a French scientist, well-known for his study of the order phenomena in liquid crystals and polymers. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1991 for the above mentioned work and was described as the ‘Isaac Newton of our time’ by the Nobel committee. Born to a nurse and a physician in Paris, France, he was initially schooled at home and subsequently studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure. Eventually, he became an engineer at Atomic Research Centre and was awarded his doctorate by the institute. He did his post doctoral research in the United States and after working for just over two years for the French Navy, he became a professor at the University of Paris-Sud, Orsay campus. Subsequently, he worked at the College de France as a professor and researcher before going on to become the director of the Ecole Superieure Physique et de Chimie Industrielles. He continued in the latter post for 22 years. His findings in relation to liquid crystals and polymers are considered to be one of the most significant findings in the history of physics.
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: $300,000

Some Pierre-Gilles de Gennes images

Awards and nominations:

He was awarded the Harvey Prize, Lorentz Medal and Wolf Prize in 1988 and 1990. In 1991, he received the Nobel Prize in physics. He was then director of the École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris (ESPCI), a post he held from 1976 until his retirement in 2002.

P.G. de Gennes has also received the F.A. Cotton Medal for Excellence in Chemical Research of the American Chemical Society in 1997, the Holweck Prize from the joint French and British Physical Society; the Ampere Prize, French Academy of Science; the gold medal from the French CNRS; the Matteuci Medal, Italian Academy; the Harvey Prize, Israel; and polymer awards from both APS and ACS.

He was awarded the above-mentioned Nobel Prize for discovering that "methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers".

The Royal Society of Chemistry awards the De Gennes Prize biennially, in his honour. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1984. He was awarded A. Cemal Eringen Medal in 1998.

Biography/Timeline

1955

He was born in Paris, France, and was home-schooled to the age of 12. By the age of 13, he had adopted adult reading habits and was visiting museums. Later, de Gennes studied at the École Normale Supérieure. After leaving the École in 1955, he became a research Engineer at the Saclay center of the Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, working mainly on neutron scattering and magnetism, with advice from A. Abragam and Jacques Friedel. He defended his Ph.D. in 1957 at the University of Paris.

1959

In 1959, he was a postdoctoral research visitor with Charles Kittel at the University of California, Berkeley, and then spent 27 months in the French Navy. In 1961, he was assistant professor in Orsay and soon started the Orsay group on superconductors. In 1968, he switched to studying liquid crystals.

1971

In 1971, he became professor at the Collège de France, and participated in STRASACOL (a joint action of Strasbourg, Saclay and Collège de France) on polymer physics. From 1980 on, he became interested in interfacial problems: the dynamics of wetting and adhesion.

1984

The Royal Society of Chemistry awards the De Gennes Prize biennially, in his honour. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1984. He was awarded A. Cemal Eringen Medal in 1998.

1988

He was awarded the Harvey Prize, Lorentz Medal and Wolf Prize in 1988 and 1990. In 1991, he received the Nobel Prize in physics. He was then Director of the École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris (ESPCI), a post he held from 1976 until his retirement in 2002.

1997

P.G. de Gennes has also received the F.A. Cotton Medal for Excellence in Chemical Research of the American Chemical Society in 1997, the Holweck Prize from the joint French and British Physical Society; the Ampere Prize, French Academy of Science; the gold medal from the French CNRS; the Matteuci Medal, Italian Academy; the Harvey Prize, Israel; and polymer awards from both APS and ACS.

2003

In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto.

2007

On 22 May 2007, his death was made public as official messages and tributes poured in.