|Who is it?||Physicist|
|Birth Day||February 17, 1888|
|Birth Place||Żory, German|
|Age||131 YEARS OLD|
|Died On||17 August 1969(1969-08-17) (aged 81)\nBerkeley, California, United States|
|Alma mater||University of Breslau University of Frankfurt|
|Known for||Stern–Gerlach experiment Spin quantization Molecular beam Stern–Volmer relationship|
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Physics (1943)|
|Institutions||University of Rostock University of Hamburg Carnegie Institute of Technology University of California, Berkeley|
Stern completed his studies at the University of Breslau in 1912 with a doctoral dissertation in physical chemistry under supervision of Otto Sackur on the kinetic theory of osmotic pressure in concentrated solutions. He then followed Albert Einstein to Charles University in Prague and in 1913 to ETH Zurich. Stern served in World War I doing meteorological work on the Russian front while still continuing his studies and in 1915 received his Habilitation at the University of Frankfurt. In 1921 he became a professor at the University of Rostock which he left in 1923 to become Director of the newly founded Institut für Physikalische Chemie at the University of Hamburg.
He was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physics, the first to be awarded since 1939. He was the sole recipient in Physics that year, and the award citation omitted mention of the Stern–Gerlach experiment, as Gerlach had remained active in Nazi-led Germany.
As an experimental Physicist Stern contributed to the discovery of spin quantization in the Stern–Gerlach experiment with Walther Gerlach in February 1922 at the Physikalischer Verein in Frankfurt am Main; demonstration of the wave nature of atoms and molecules; measurement of atomic magnetic moments; discovery of the proton's magnetic moment; and development of the molecular beam method which is utilized for the technique of molecular beam epitaxy.