Ma Ying-jeou

About Ma Ying-jeou

Who is it?: President of Taiwan
Birth Day: July 13, 1950
Birth Place: Kwong Wah Hospital, Taiwanese
Birth Sign: Leo
Premier: Yu Kuo-hwa Lee Huan
Vice President: Vincent Siew Wu Den-yih
Preceded by: Lu Yu-wen
Succeeded by: Sun Te-hsiung
Further information Minister of JusticePremierPreceded bySucceeded byMinister of Research, Development and EvaluationPremierDeputySucceeded by: Further information Minister of Justice In office 27 February 1993 – 10 June 1996 Premier Lien Chan Preceded by Lu Yu-wen Succeeded by Liao Cheng-hao Minister of Research, Development and Evaluation In office 27 July 1988 – 27 June 1991 Premier Yu Kuo-hwa Lee Huan Deputy Sun Te-hsiung Succeeded by Sun Te-hsiung In office 27 February 1993 – 10 June 1996Lien ChanLu Yu-wenLiao Cheng-haoIn office 27 July 1988 – 27 June 1991Yu Kuo-hwa Lee HuanSun Te-hsiungSun Te-hsiung
Deputy: Sun Te-hsiung
Spouse(s): Christine Chow
Children: 2 daughters
Alma mater: National Taiwan University New York University School of Law Harvard Law School
Allegiance: Republic of China
Service/branch: Republic of China Marine Corps Republic of China Navy
Years of service: 1972-1974
Rank: Lieutenant Commander
Traditional Chinese: 馬英九
Simplified Chinese: 马英九
TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinBopomofoTongyong PinyinIPAWuRomanizationHakkaRomanizationYue: CantoneseJyutpingSouthern MinHokkien POJ: Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Mǎ Yīngjiǔ Bopomofo ㄇㄚˇㄧㄥㄐㄧㄡˇ Tongyong Pinyin Ma Yingjiou IPA [mà íŋ.tɕjòu] Wu Romanization mo incieu Hakka Romanization Mâ Yîn-kiú Yue: Cantonese Jyutping maa jinggau Southern Min Hokkien POJ Má Eng-kiú Mǎ YīngjiǔㄇㄚˇㄧㄥㄐㄧㄡˇMa Yingjiou[mà íŋ.tɕjòu]mo incieuMâ Yîn-kiúmaa jinggauMá Eng-kiú
Hanyu Pinyin: Mǎ Yīngjiǔ
Bopomofo: ㄇㄚˇㄧㄥㄐㄧㄡˇ
Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou
IPA: [mà íŋ.tɕjòu]
Romanization: Mâ Yîn-kiú
Jyutping: maa jinggau
Hokkien POJ: Má Eng-kiú

Ma Ying-jeou Net Worth

Ma Ying-jeou was bornon July 13, 1950 in Kwong Wah Hospital, Taiwanese, is President of Taiwan. Ma Ying-jeou is a Taiwanese politician and the current President of Republic of China (Taiwan). Born in a politically active family, Ma became an active member of Kuomintang (KMT) Party early in life. He was included in the party’s Central Committee when he was around 31 years old. Very quickly he was spotted by President Chiang Ching-kuo and was appointed as the President’s Secretary and his English interpreter. The post gave him the chance to move around in the highest circle and witness many historical events from a close quarter. However, his fresh outlook, relatively mild manners and academic background have also played equally important part in forming his image. Indeed, he is taken as an honest and upright person, who has time and again promised to provide corruption free government that would work for economic revival of Taiwan. On relation with mainland China, he prefers to maintain the status quo of ‘No Unification, No Independence and No Use of Force’. Instead he is trying hard to develop a friendlier cross strait relation with Mainland China.
Ma Ying-jeou is a member of Presidents

💰 Net worth: $185 Million

Some Ma Ying-jeou images

Biography/Timeline

1922

Ma and his parents originate from Hunan Province in the Republic of China, with Hakka ancestry, but their ancestral home was in Fufeng, Shaanxi Province. His ancestors had migrated from Shaanxi to Jiangxi and then finally to Hunan. He is a descendant of the Three Kingdoms era general Ma Chao, who was from Fufeng, Shaanxi. Researchers had purportedly visited the old residence of Ma's father, Ma Ho-ling, in Kaiyun Town, Hengshan County, Hunan, where they discovered a genealogy book stating that Ma descended from Ma Chao. His mother was Chin Hou-hsiu (1922-2014). Ma was raised Catholic.

1949

Chai claimed that since Ma was born after 1949 and in Shenzhen, he is legally a citizen of the People's Republic of China. Presidential Spokesperson Wang Yu-chi (王郁琦) responded to Chai's charges by reaffirming that all information from the President's Office regarding the President's birth is accurate. Wang also informed that Ma, on his 11 December visit to Hong Kong, was able to obtain records of his birth at Kowloon's Kwong-Wah Hospital and Ma also keeps the original of his birth certificate issued by the Registrar General of Hong Kong, thereby confirming once again his birth in the former British colony instead of mainland China. Copies of Ma's birth certificate have also been previously shown to the public. Wang also dispelled rumors that Ma had received affirmative action in his applications to Jianguo High School and the National Taiwan University with an "overseas Chinese" status. For that, neither President Ma nor his critics was able to provide a definitive proof. The issue of affirmative action remains open.

1950

He was born in Kwong Wah Hospital in Kowloon, Hong Kong on 13 July 1950. His parents were in Hong Kong on the way from Hunan Province of Communist China to Nationalist-held Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War. In a family of five children, Ma was the fourth child and the only son.

1972

Ma earned his LL.B. degree from National Taiwan University in 1972. He served his compulsory military duty in the ROC Marine Corps and Navy from 1972 to 1974, obtaining the rank of lieutenant commander. He then pursued advanced studies in the United States, first earning an LL.M. degree from New York University Law School in 1976 and then an S.J.D. degree from Harvard Law School in 1981. An edited version of his thesis on the Senkaku Islands dispute was published in 1984.

1980

A week before the presidential election, incumbent President Chen Shui-bian vowed to quit if Ma could provide legal documents of the invalidation of his green card. The DPP presidential candidate Frank Hsieh also said that he was willing to withdraw from the race if Ma could prove, using official documents, that his green card was invalidated twenty years ago. Ma responded the next day to the President that he should work on improving Taiwan's economy instead of caring about the election so much; earlier, Ma also provided copies of US non-immigrant visas issued to him during the 1980s and 1990s, claiming the card was invalid, as such visas are not issued to green card holders.

1981

Ma is married to Christine Chow, and the couple has two daughters. Lesley (Ma Wei-chung, 馬唯中) was born in 1981 in New York City while Ma was attending Harvard. She completed her undergraduate studies in life sciences at Harvard University and then her graduate studies at New York University. Ma's younger daughter is Kelly (Ma Yuan-chung, 馬元中), who was born in Taiwan and completed her undergraduate studies at Brown University in Rhode Island.

1984

Ma was deputy secretary-general of the KMT from 1984 to 1988, also serving for a period as deputy of the Mainland Affairs Council (MAC), a cabinet-level body in charge of cross-strait relations. President Lee Teng-hui appointed him ROC Justice Minister in 1993. Ma was relieved of his post in 1996. His supporters claim that firing was caused by his efforts at fighting corruption among politicians and the police. He remained a supporter of the Kuomintang, rather than supporting the New Party formed by KMT supporters who campaigned on an anti-corruption platform. Ma returned to academia and most people at the time believed his political career to have effectively ended.

1989

Ma has received criticism from the DPP, the opposition party, for allegedly praising the PRC on human rights, especially during the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square Protests. Departing from his usual critical view of the Communists' handling of the 1989 protests, Ma made a statement about the PRC's recent improvements in human rights. That same day, he also asked the PRC government to face its history directly and honestly.

1998

In 1998, the KMT fielded Ma to challenge the then-incumbent Taipei mayor Chen Shui-bian of the opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), who was seeking re-election. Despite Chen's public approval rating of around 70%, he was defeated.

2000

Ma's vice-presidential running mate was former premier Vincent Siew, Lien Chan's running mate in the 2000 presidential election.

2002

Ma was able to repair the political damage and, in December 2002, became the leading figure in the KMT by easily winning reelection as mayor of Taipei with the support of 64% of Taipei voters while DPP challenger Lee Ying-yuan received 36%. His solid victory, especially in light of opposition from both President Chen and former President and KMT chairman Lee Teng-hui, led many to speculate about his chances as the KMT candidate for the 2004 presidential elections, although nothing came of it.

2003

During his time as Taipei's mayor, Ma had many conflicts with the central government over matters such as health insurance rates and control of the water supply during the drought. Ma also was implicated in a scandal of Taipei Bank stock releases in 2003. However, the case was dismissed after an investigation by the Taipei prosecutor. He was strongly criticized by the DPP for not allowing the ROC national flag to be flown along with a PRC flag during Asian Women's Football Championship held in Taipei. Ma responded that he was merely following Olympic protocol, which only officially recognizes the Chinese Taipei Olympic Flag and forbids ROC national flags from being shown in an Olympic Game Stadium.

2004

His initiatives in administering the city of Taipei include changing the transliterations of street names and the line and stations of the Taipei Metro to Hanyu Pinyin, as opposed to Tongyong Pinyin. Ma has expressed mild support for Chinese reunification and opposition to Taiwan independence. He opposed the 2004 referendum, which had been widely criticized by the U.S. and PRC. Nevertheless, his opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People's Republic of China, while other Leaders of his party remained silent on the issue, led to him being banned from visiting Hong Kong to make a public speaking tour in 2005. He also criticized the PRC for the Tian'anmen crackdown.

2005

Led by Ma Ying-jeou, the Kuomintang made a resounding win in the three-in-one election held on 3 December 2005. The KMT gained six more seats in the mayoral/magistratical race, from eight seats in the last election, to a total of fourteen seats. Before the election, Ma swore that he would quit the chairmanship if his party could not win over half of the seats, which was a first for a KMT chairman. It was a decisive win for Ma Ying-jeou as well, since he took over the party chairmanship only 110 days before. In the election, the KMT won back the counties of Taipei and Yilan, and the city of Chiayi, which had been the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)'s strongholds for over twenty years. It was the first time in many years that the KMT regained popularity as far south as Cho-Shui River (Zhuo-Shui River).

2006

Ma clarified later that the current KMT policy of retaining the status quo has not changed and has reiterated this position several times; further, he has also reiterated his party's support of the one-China policy. Ma has defined the status quo as the "Five No's." During a visit to the United States in March 2006, he proposed a "proactive" approach to cross-strait relations which he called the "Five Do's."

2007

Ma visited India and Singapore in June 2007 to increase bilateral exchanges as well as to gain legitimacy and experience for his 2008 presidential bid.

2008

On 2 September 2008, Ma declared that the relations between Taiwan and mainland China were a "special relationship not between two nations", but one that can be handled invoking the "1992 consensus" between the two sides. While the governing authorities on mainland China and Taiwan cannot recognise each other as a legitimate government due to legal and constitutional reasons, Ma seeks that they would refrain from denying the other side being the de facto governing authority of one area of the state. On 18 October 2008, Ma said he hoped that a cross-strait peace accord could be reached during his term in office.

2009

In 2009, Ma spoke at a leadership conference in Taipei and called for peace with Beijing and for Taiwan's greater participation in international affairs. He said: "The Chinese civil war of the 1940s must never happen again. Peace never comes easily, because over 1,000 missiles deployed by Beijing are still aimed at Taiwan." In 2014, Ma received the Eisenhower Medallion from People to People International for his efforts in the East China Sea Peace Initiative, set up to mediate territorial disputes.

2010

Taiwan's economy has experienced significant growth since then, growing 10% in 2010, due to strong demand and tourism from mainland China. A framework was signed in 2010 called the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), which was accompanied by a debate and a protest.

2011

In June 2011, when incumbent Vice President Vincent Siew announced he will retire and not seek a second term, Premier Wu Den-yih was chosen to replace Siew on the KMT's 2012 ticket. Ma was re-elected President with 51.6% of the vote against Democratic Progressive Party chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen.

2013

During a campaigning event in an aboriginal community, Ma made a controversial remark. Responding to a question from an aboriginal woman, Ma said, "If you come into the city, you are a Taipei citizen... Aborigines should adjust their mentality – if you come into the city you have to play by its rules." This statement was thought to be extremely inappropriate.

2014

Between 18 March to 10 April 2014, the Sunflower Student Movement, initiated by a coalition of students and civic groups in the Legislative Yuan and later also the Executive Yuan, was a student-mainly mass movement to protest Ma's trade in services policy with mainland China. On 26 September 2014, a student protester hurled the book Formosa Betrayed at Ma and hit the President, who was not hurt by the incident. The Presidential Office condemned the act of violence.

2015

On 7 November 2015, Ma met and shook hands with Communist Party General Secretary Xi Jinping in Singapore within their capacity as Leader of Taiwan and Leader of Mainland China respectively. The meeting marked the first ever meeting between Leaders of both sides since the end of Chinese Civil War in 1949.

2016

On 11 October 2016, Ma's office announced that he had accepted an invitation to attend and become one of the speakers at the World Chinese Economic Summit in Malacca, Malaysia which would take place on 16–17 November 2016.

2017

In October 2017, a court ruled in Ma's favor in a defamation case he had brought against Liang Wen-chieh (梁文傑) of the Democratic Progressive Party in 2011, after Liang had claimed on TV that Ma had received NT$300 million in illegal political donations during a meeting with Chen Ying-chu (陳盈助). The court ordered Liang to pay NT$1.2 million (US$39,643).