One of soccer's greatest goalkeepers, he revolutionized the position in his 22 seasons with Dinamo Moscow.
He went to work at a factory when he was 12 to help produce war material for World War II.
He was known for wearing his trademark all-black ensemble; he led Russia in three World Cups, won an Olympic medal, and won a European Championship.
He grew up in Moscow, Russia.
He famously said the only thing better than the joy of seeing Yuri Gagarin become the first man in space was "the joy of a good penalty save."