Jules Bordet

About Jules Bordet

Who is it?: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birth Day: June 13, 1870
Birth Place: Soignies, Belgian
Died On: 6 April 1961(1961-04-06) (aged 90)\nBrussels
Birth Sign: Cancer
Resting place: Ixelles Cemetery
Alma mater: Free University of Brussels
Awards: Fellow of the Royal Society (1916) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1919)

Jules Bordet Net Worth

Jules Bordet was bornon June 13, 1870 in Soignies, Belgian, is Microbiologist and Immunologist. Jules Bordet was a Belgian microbiologist and immunologist who won the 1919 Nobel Prize in Medicine "for his discoveries relating to immunity". Bordet began his career at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. During his time at the Pasteur Institute, he conducted research on the destruction of bacteria and red corpuscles in blood serum. His initial studies showed that antimicrobic sera contained two active substances, one that existed before immunization (known as alexine) and the other a specific antibody created by vaccination. After his stint in Paris, he moved to Brussels where he established the Pasteur Institute. In 1898, he discovered haemolytic sera and found that red blood cells from one animal species that are injected into another species are destroyed through a process (hemolysis) analogous to bacteriolysis. In 1906, Bordet made the revolutionary discovery of the bacterial genus Bordetella pertussis which was responsible for whooping cough. Following his discovery, Bordet took up the chair of the Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907. Other than bacteriology, Bordet carried out extensive work on immunology as well. Over the years, he was awarded with several honors and awards and became a member of numerous reputed and highly-esteemed academies and societies.
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💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Awards and nominations:

In March 1916, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1930, delivered their Croonian Lecture. In this lecture, Bordet also concluded that bacteriophages, the bacteria-killing "invisible viruses" discovered by Felix d'Herelle did not exist and that bacteria destroyed themselves using a process of autolysis. This theory collapsed in 1941 with the publication by Ruska of the first electron microscope pictures of bacteriophages. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to him in 1919 for his discoveries relating to immunity.

Bordet died in 1961 and was interred in the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels.

Biography/Timeline

1892

Bordet was born at Soignies, Belgium. He graduated as Doctor of Medicine from the Free University of Brussels in 1892 and began his work at the Pasteur Institute in Paris in 1894, in the laboratory of Elie Metchnikoff, who had just discovered phagocytosis of bacteria by white blood cells, an expression of cellular immunity.

1895

In 1895 Bordet made his discovery that the bacteriolytic effect of acquired specific antibody is significantly enhanced in vivo by the presence of innate serum components which he termed alexine (but which are now known as complement). Four years later, in 1899, he described a similar destructive process involving complement, "hemolysis", in which foreign red blood cells are ruptured or "lysed" following exposure to immune serum. In 1900, he left Paris to found the Pasteur Institute in Brussels but continued to work extensively on the mechanisms involved in the action of complement. These studies became the basis for complement-fixation testing methods that enabled the development of serological tests for syphilis (specifically, the development of the Wassermann test by August von Wassermann). The same technique is used today in serologic testing for countless other diseases.

1906

With Octave Gengou, he isolated Bordetella pertussis in pure culture in 1906 and posited it as the cause of whooping cough. He became Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907.

1916

In March 1916, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1930, delivered their Croonian Lecture. In this lecture, Bordet also concluded that bacteriophages, the bacteria-killing "invisible viruses" discovered by Felix d'Herelle did not exist and that bacteria destroyed themselves using a process of autolysis. This theory collapsed in 1941 with the publication by Ruska of the first electron microscope pictures of bacteriophages. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to him in 1919 for his discoveries relating to immunity.

1961

Bordet died in 1961 and was interred in the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels.