Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

About Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Who is it?: Chemist and Physicist
Birth Day: December 06, 1778
Birth Place: Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, French
Died On: 9 May 1850(1850-05-09) (aged 71)\nParis, France
Birth Sign: Capricorn
Alma mater: École polytechnique
Known for: Gay-Lussac's law
Fields: Chemistry

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac Net Worth

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac was bornon December 06, 1778 in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, French, is Chemist and Physicist. Joseph Louis Gay Lussac was a French chemist and physicist who made notable advances in applied chemistry. He was noted for his pioneering investigations into the behavior of gases and for his studies of the properties of cyanogen and iodine. Born as the son of a successful lawyer, he had a privileged childhood that was rudely disturbed during the French Revolution of 1789 following which his father lost much of his fortunes. The revolution also delayed his education as the Abbey of Bourdeix who had been giving Joseph private tuitions fled the country in the midst of the political turmoil. Initially his father wanted him to become a lawyer though the young boy had always been more interested in scientific pursuits. A bright student, he was successful in entering the École Polytechnique, a newly founded institute where students’ expenses were paid by the state. This enabled him to get a quality education in spite of his family’s modest financial status. Eventually he went on to become a reputed chemist and physicist and gained much fame for his work on the behavior of gases. Throughout his career, he collaborated with other noted scientists like Jean-Baptiste Biot, Alexander von Humboldt, and Louis Thenard to come up with significant scientific achievements.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1798

He received his early education at the hands of the Catholic Abbey of Bourdeix, though later in life became an atheist. In the care of the Abbot of Dumonteil he began his education in Paris, finally entering the École Polytechnique in 1798. Gay-Lussac narrowly avoided conscription and by the time of entry to the École Polytechnique his Father had been arrested (due to Robespierre's Reign of Terror). Three years later, Gay-Lussac transferred to the École des Ponts et Chaussées, and shortly afterward was assigned to C. L. Berthollet as his assistant. In 1802, he was appointed demonstrator to A. F. Fourcroy at the École Polytechnique, wherein (1809) he became the professor of chemistry. From 1808 to 1832, he was the professor of physics at the Sorbonne, a post which he only resigned for the chair of chemistry at the Jardin des Plantes. In 1821, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1831 he was elected to represent Haute-Vienne in the chamber of deputies, and in 1839 he entered the chamber of peers. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1832.

1803

The Father of Joseph Louis Gay, Anthony Gay, son of a Doctor, was a Lawyer and prosecutor and worked as a judge in Noblat Bridge. Father of two sons and three daughters, he owned much of the Lussac village and usually added the name of this hamlet of the Haute-Vienne to his name, following a custom of the Ancien Régime. Towards the year 1803, Father and son finally adopted the name Gay-Lussac. During the Revolution, on behalf of the Law of Suspects, his Father, former king's attorney, was imprisoned in Saint Léonard from 1793 to 1794.

1809

Gay-Lussac married Geneviève-Marie-Joseph Rojot in 1809. He had first met her when she worked as a linen draper's shop assistant and was studying a chemistry textbook under the counter. He fathered five children, of whom the eldest (Jules) became assistant to Justus Liebig in Giessen. Some publications by Jules are mistaken as his father's today since they share the same first initial (J. Gay-Lussac).