John Robert Schrieffer

About John Robert Schrieffer

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: May 31, 1931
Birth Place: Oak Park, Illinois, USA, United States
Birth Sign: Gemini
Alma mater: Massachusetts Institute of Technology University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Awards: National Medal of Science (1983) Nobel Prize for Physics (1972) Comstock Prize in Physics (1968)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: University of Pennsylvania University of California, Santa Barbara University of Florida Florida State University University of Birmingham
Doctoral advisor: John Bardeen

John Robert Schrieffer Net Worth

John Robert Schrieffer was bornon May 31, 1931 in Oak Park, Illinois, USA, United States, is Physicist. John Robert Schrieffer is an American physicist noted for his contributions in developing the BCS theory, along with fellow American physicists John Bardeen and Leon N Cooper. It was the first successful and widely accepted superconductivity theory. This scientific contribution of the trio won them the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1972. He was still a graduate level student under John Bardeen at the University of Illinois when he worked with Bardeen and Cooper to develop, elucidate and publish the BCS theory of superconductivity, the acronym of which was formed by combining initial letters of surnames of its developers namely Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer in that order. He aided in explaining the reason behind metals losing their electrical resistance when temperature is quite low. He also contributed in developing another theory that is related to high temperature superconductivity. Over decades he remained an academician imparting education at several universities at different point of time. These include ‘University of Chicago’; ‘University of Pennsylvania’, Philadelphia; ‘University of Illinois’; ‘University of California’, Santa Barbara; ‘Florida State University’; and ‘Cornell University’. He became Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large at ‘Cornell University’ and Mary Amanda Wood professor in physics at the ‘University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. He received several awards and recognitions including the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’, the ‘Comstock Prize in Physics’ (1968) and the ‘National Medal of Science’ (1983) among others. Amidst all the success and accomplishments he had to face a sentence of two years for vehicular manslaughter when he lost control while driving and crashed a vehicle resulting in killing its driver and injuring seven more people. He served his sentence at the ‘Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility’ located at the Rock Mountain close to San Diego, California.
John Robert Schrieffer is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some John Robert Schrieffer images

Biography/Timeline

1940

Schrieffer was born in Oak Park, Illinois, and his family moved in 1940 to Manhasset, New York, and then in 1947 to Eustis, Florida, where his father a former pharmaceutical salesman began a career in the citrus industry. In his Florida days, Schrieffer enjoyed playing with homemade rockets and ham radio, a hobby that sparked an interest in electrical engineering.

1949

After graduating from Eustis High School in 1949, Schrieffer was admitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where for two years he majored in electrical engineering before switching to physics in his junior year. He completed a bachelor's thesis on multiplets in heavy atoms under the direction of John C. Slater in 1953. Pursuing an interest in solid-state physics, Schrieffer began graduate studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he was hired immediately as a research assistant to John Bardeen. After working out a theoretical Problem of electrical conduction on semiconductor surfaces, Schrieffer spent a year in the laboratory, applying the theory to several surface problems. In his third year of graduate studies, he joined Bardeen and Leon Cooper in developing the theory of Superconductivity.

1957

After completing his doctoral dissertation on the theory of Superconductivity, Schrieffer spent the 1957–58 academic year as a National Science Foundation fellow at the University of Birmingham in England and at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, where he continued research into Superconductivity. Following a year as assistant professor at the University of Chicago, he returned to the University of Illinois in 1959 as a faculty member. In 1960, he went back to the Bohr Institute for a summer visit, during which he became engaged to Anne Grete Thomsen whom he married at Christmas of that year. Two years later, Schrieffer joined the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and, in 1964, Schrieffer published his book on the BCS theory, Theory of Superconductivity. He holds honorary degrees from the Technical University of Munich and the University of Geneva. In 1993 Schrieffer along with Leon Cooper were awarded the Comstock Prize in Physics from the National Academy of Sciences.

1972

In 1972, Schrieffer along with John Bardeen and Leon Cooper won the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics for developing the BCS theory. In 1980, Schrieffer became a professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and rose to chancellor professor in 1984, serving as Director of the university’s Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics. In 1992, Florida State University appointed Schrieffer as a university eminent scholar professor and chief scientist of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, where he continued to pursue one of the great goals in physics: room temperature Superconductivity.

2005

Schrieffer was sentenced to two years in prison November 6, 2005 for vehicular manslaughter killing one, and injuring seven people. At the time of the accident his drivers license was under suspension and he is said to have fallen asleep at the wheel. The accident occurred in Orcutt, California on September 24, 2004, and Schrieffer was incarcerated in Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility at Rock Mountain near San Diego, California.