John Nance Garner

About John Nance Garner

Who is it?: 32nd Vice President of the United States
Birth Day: November 22, 1868
Birth Place: Detroit, United States
Died On: November 7, 1967(1967-11-07) (aged 98)\nUvalde, Texas, U.S.
Birth Sign: Sagittarius
President: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by: Position Established
Succeeded by: Milton H. West
Deputy: William Allan Oldfield
Political party: Democratic
Spouse(s): Mariette Rheiner Garner
Children: Tully Charles Garner (1896–1968)
Alma mater: Vanderbilt University – dropped out

John Nance Garner Net Worth

John Nance Garner was bornon November 22, 1868 in Detroit, United States, is 32nd Vice President of the United States. John Nance Garner was an American statesman who served as the 32nd Vice President of the United States; he was in the office from 1933 to 1941, in the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Also referred as ‘Cactus Jack’ by his contemporaries, Garner served 15 consecutive terms as U.S. Congressman and was Speaker of the House when he was chosen for vice presidency. A native of Texas, John Nance Garner, studied law and subsequently began legal practice in Texas. Gradually, he gravitated into politics and became a member of the Democratic Party. Garner was elected as the county judge of Uvalde County and subsequently served on the state legislature, spending his early terms studying the political scenario. In 1902, he was picked to the U.S. Congress and was re-elected 14 consecutive times from the same district, serving for the next 30 years. Subsequently, Garner was chosen as the minority floor leader for the Democrats and also served as the Speaker of the House. In 1932, after an unsuccessful attempt for the Democratic Presidential nomination, Garner was elected to serve as the 32nd Vice President of the United States by President Franklin Roosevelt. During his initial term, Garner employed his skills in steering New Deal legislation through Congress, but by the time he was re-elected for vice presidency, his relationship with Roosevelt had soured. He spent his second term opposing the New Deal proposals and after completing his second term in 1941, Garner retired to Texas where he died in his 90s
John Nance Garner is a member of Political Leaders

💰 Net worth: $250,000

Some John Nance Garner images

Famous Quotes:

Cactus Jack is 71, sound in wind & limb, a hickory conservative who does not represent the Old South of magnolias, hoopskirts, pillared verandas, but the New South: moneymaking, industrial, hardboiled, still expanding too rapidly to brood over social problems. He stands for oil derricks, sheriffs who use airplanes, prairie skyscrapers, mechanized farms, $100 Stetson hats. Conservative John Garner appeals to many a conservative voter.

Biography/Timeline

1868

Garner was born on November 22, 1868, in a log cabin near Detroit in Red River County to John Nance Garner II and his wife, Sarah Guest Garner. The mud-chinked log cabin that Garner was born in no longer exists but the house that he grew up in survives and is located at 260 South Main Street in Detroit, Texas. It is a large, white, two-story house. Garner attended Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, for one semester before dropping out and returning home. He eventually studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1890, and began practice in Uvalde, Uvalde County, Texas.

1893

In 1893, Garner entered politics, running for county judge of Uvalde County. (Although the county judge in Texas is now primarily the chief administrative officer of a county, comparable to the mayor of a city, the office is a judicial position, and the county judge sits in small civil cases, misdemeanor Criminal cases, and probate cases.) At that time, Democrats entirely dominated politics in Texas, and the Democratic nomination for an office was tantamount to election. Thus the Democratic primary election was the real election, with the general election being a formality.

1895

Garner was opposed in the county judge primary by a woman—Mariette Rheiner, a rancher's daughter. Two years later, on November 25, 1895, she married Garner in Sabinal, Texas. They had one child, Tully Charles Garner.

1896

Garner was elected county judge and served until 1896.

1898

Garner was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1898, and re-elected in 1900. During his Service, the legislature selected a state flower for Texas. Garner fervently supported the prickly pear cactus for the honor, and thus earned the nickname "Cactus Jack". (The Bluebonnet was chosen.)

1901

In 1901 Garner voted for the poll tax, a measure passed by the Democratic-dominated legislature to make voter registration more difficult and reduce the number of black, minority, and poor white voters on the voting rolls. This disfranchised most minority voters until the 1960s, and ended challenges to Democratic power; Texas became in effect a one-party state.

1902

In 1902, Garner was elected to the United States House of Representatives from the newly created 15th congressional district, a narrow strip reaching south to include tens of thousands of square miles of rural areas. He was elected from the district 14 subsequent times, serving until 1933. His wife was paid and worked as his private secretary during this period.

1929

Garner was chosen to serve as minority floor leader for the Democrats in 1929, and in 1931 as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, when the Democrats became the majority.

1932

Garner was re-elected to the 73rd Congress on November 8, 1932, and on the same day was elected Vice President of the United States. He was the second man, Schuyler Colfax being the first, to serve as both Speaker of the House and President of the Senate. Garner was re-elected Vice President with Roosevelt in 1936, serving in that office in total from March 4, 1933, to January 20, 1941.

1937

During Roosevelt's second term, Garner's previously warm relationship with the President quickly soured, as Garner disagreed sharply with him on a wide range of important issues. Garner supported federal intervention to break up the Flint sit-down strike, supported a balanced federal budget, opposed the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937 to "pack" the Supreme Court with additional judges, and opposed executive interference with the internal Business of the Congress.

1940

During 1938 and 1939, numerous Democratic party Leaders urged Garner to run for President in 1940. Garner identified as the champion of the traditional Democratic Party establishment, which often clashed with supporters of Roosevelt's New Deal. The Gallup poll showed that Garner was the favorite among Democratic voters, based on the assumption that Roosevelt would defer to the longstanding two-term tradition and not run for a third term. Time characterized him on April 15, 1940:

1941

Garner left office on January 20, 1941, ending a 46-year career in public life. He retired to his home in Uvalde for the last 26 years of his life, where he managed his extensive real estate holdings, spent time with his great-grandchildren, and fished. Throughout his retirement, he was consulted by active Democratic politicians and was especially close to Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Truman.

1963

On the morning of Garner's 95th birthday, November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy called to wish him a happy birthday. This was just hours before Kennedy's assassination. Dan Rather states that he visited the Garner ranch that morning to film an interview with Garner, where Miss Texas Wool was in attendance, and that he then flew back to Dallas from Uvalde to deposit the film at then-CBS affiliate KRLD-TV (now Fox owned-and-operated KDFW-TV).

1967

Garner died on November 7, 1967, at the age of 98 years and 350 days, 15 days before his 99th birthday. He is interred in Uvalde Cemetery. Garner is, as of 2018, the longest-lived vice President or President in United States history, a record which was previously held by Benjamin Harrison's vice President, Levi P. Morton (who died in 1920 on his 96th birthday). He is one of the few people to live during the presidencies of both Presidents Johnson—Andrew and Lyndon.