John Cornforth

About John Cornforth

Who is it?: Nobel Prize Winner Chemist
Birth Day: September 07, 1917
Birth Place: Sydney, Australia, British
Died On: 8 December 2013(2013-12-08) (aged 96)\nSussex, England, United Kingdom
Birth Sign: Libra
Residence: Brighton, United Kingdom
Citizenship: Australian, British
Alma mater: University of Sydney (B.Sc.) St Catherine's College, Oxford (D.Phil.)
Known for: Stereochemistry of enzyme-catalysed reactions
Spouse(s): Rita Harradence
Awards: Corday–Morgan Medal (1953) FRS (1953) Davy Medal (1968) Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1975) Royal Medal (1976) Copley Medal (1982)
Fields: Organic chemistry
Institutions: University of Oxford University of Warwick University of Sussex
Thesis: Synthesis of analogues of steroid hormones (1941)
Doctoral advisor: Robert Robinson

John Cornforth Net Worth

John Cornforth was bornon September 07, 1917 in Sydney, Australia, British, is Nobel Prize Winner Chemist. Sir John Warcup Cornforth Jr. was an Australian-British chemist who won the 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Vladimir Prelog. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for his study on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions. Life was not a bed of roses for Cornforth. At a young age, he was diagnosed with progressive hearing loss, a medical condition which made him completely deaf later on in life. The loss of hearing power motivated him to pursue chemistry as his field of study because it primarily dealt with conducting reactions and experiments which needed visual aid. He was fascinated with the working of nature and the laws that governed it in everyday life. His curiosity about knowledge and reasoning shaped a researcher in him and he made significant contribution to the field of science through his deep insight and knowledge. His life was dedicated to research in the field of organic chemistry and his study in stereochemistry proved to be a major milestone, which made him a Nobel Laureate. His achievements are an inspiration to millions of people in the world, especially the ones suffering from any kind of disability, to achieve their dreams through their earnest efforts. He was a curious and sincere man with an undying courage and gratitude towards life which made him one of the most renowned researchers of the 20th century.
John Cornforth is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Famous Quotes:

Throughout my scientific career my wife has been my most constant collaborator. Her experimental skill made major contributions to the work; she has eased for me beyond measure the difficulties of communication that accompany deafness; her encouragement and fortitude have been my strongest support.

Biography/Timeline

1887

Born in Sydney, Cornforth was the son and the second of four children of English-born, Oxford-educated schoolmaster and Teacher John Warcup Cornforth and Hilda Eipper (1887–1969), a granddaughter of pioneering missionary and Presbyterian minister Christopher Eipper. Before her marriage, Eipper had been a maternity nurse.

1933

Cornforth was educated at Sydney Boys' High School, where he excelled academically, passed tests in English, mathematics, science, French, Greek, and Latin, and was inspired by his chemistry Teacher, Leonard ("Len") Basser, to change his career directions from law to chemistry. Cornforth graduated as the dux of the class of 1933 at Sydney Boys' High School, at the age of 16.

1934

In 1934, Cornforth matriculated and studied at the University of Sydney, where he studied organic chemistry at the University of Sydney's School of Chemistry and from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Science with First-Class Honours and the University Medal in 1937. During his studies, his hearing became progressively worse, thus making listening to lectures difficult. At the time, he could not use hearing aids as the sound became distorted, and he did not significantly use lip reading.

1936

While studying at the University of Sydney, Cornforth met his Future wife, fellow Chemist and scientific collaborator, Rita Harradence. Harradence was a graduate of St George Girls High School and a distinguished academic achiever who had topped the state in Chemistry in the New South Wales Leaving Certificate Examination. Harradence graduated with a Bachelor of Science with First-Class Honours and the University Medal in Organic Chemistry in 1936, a year ahead of Cornforth. Harradence also graduated with a MSc in 1937, writing a master's thesis titled "Attempts to synthesise the pyridine analogue of vitamin B1".

1939

In 1939, Cornforth and Harradence, independently of each other, each won one of two Science Research Scholarships (the 1851 Research Fellowship) from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, tenable overseas for two years. At the University of Oxford, they were members of St. Catherine's College and worked with Sir Robert Robinson, with whom they would collaborate for 14 years. During his time at Oxford, Cornforth found working for and with Robinson stimulating, and the two would often deliberate to no end until one had a cogent case against the other's counterargument. In 1941, Cornforth and Harradence both graduated with a D.Phil. in Organic Chemistry. At the time, there were no institutions or facilities at which a PhD in chemistry could be done in Australia.

1940

After his arrival at Oxford and during World War II, Cornforth significantly influenced the work on penicillin, particularly in purifying and concentrating it. Penicillin is usually very unstable in its crude form; as a consequence of this, researchers at the time were building upon Howard Florey's work on the drug. In 1940, Cornforth and other chemists measured the yield of penicillin in arbitrary units to understand the conditions that favoured penicillin production and activity, and he contributed to the writing of The Chemistry of Penicillin.

1946

In 1946, the Cornforths, who had by now married, left Oxford and joined the Medical Research Council (MRC), working at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), where they continued on earlier work in synthesising sterols, including cholesterol. The Cornforths' collaboration with Robinson continued and flourished. In 1951, they completed, simultaneously with Robert Burns Woodward, the first total synthesis of the non-aromatic steroids. At the NIMR, Cornforth collaborated with numerous biological Scientists, including George Popják, with whom he shared an interest in cholesterol. Together, they received the Davy Medal in 1968 in recognition of their distinguished joint work on the elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway to polyisoprenoids and steroids.

1965

While working at the MRC, Cornforth was appointed a Professor at the University of Warwick and was employed there from 1965 to 1971.

1975

Cornforth was named the Australian of the Year in 1975, jointly with Maj. Gen. Alan Stretton. In 1977, Cornforth was recognised by his alma mater, the University of Sydney, with the award of an honorary Doctor of Science. Cornforth's other awards and recognitions follow:

2012

In 1941, the year in which they graduated from the University of Oxford, Cornforth married Rita Harriet Harradence (b. 1915), with whom he would have one son, John, and two daughters, Brenda and Philippa. Cornforth had met Harradence after she had broken a Claisen flask in their second year at the University of Sydney; Cornforth, with his expertise of glassblowing and the use of a blowpipe, mended the break. Rita Cornforth died on 6 November 2012, at home with her family around her, following a long illness.

2013

Cornforth died in Sussex on 8 December 2013. at the age of 96. Cornforth is survived by his three children and four grandchildren. He was a sceptic and an atheist.