|Who is it?||Director, Writer, Assistant Director|
|Died On||664 (aged approx. 62)\nTongchuan, Shaanxi, China|
|School||East Asian Yogācāra|
|TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinWade–GilesIPAWuRomanizationHakkaRomanizationYue: CantoneseYale RomanizationSouthern MinTâi-lôMiddle ChineseMiddle Chinese||Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Xuánzàng Wade–Giles Hsüan-tsang IPA [ɕɥɛ̌ntsâŋ] Wu Romanization Yeu-tsaõ Hakka Romanization Hian-tsong Yue: Cantonese Yale Romanization Yùhn-chohng Southern Min Tâi-lô Hiân-tsòng Middle Chinese Middle Chinese ɣwen-dzáng XuánzàngHsüan-tsang[ɕɥɛ̌ntsâŋ]Yeu-tsaõHian-tsongYùhn-chohngHiân-tsòngɣwen-dzáng|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Chén Yī|
|TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinWade–Giles||Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Chén Yī Wade–Giles Ch'en I Chén YīCh'en I|
Xuanzang left Adinapur, which had few Buddhist monks, but many stupas and monasteries. His travels included, passing through Hunza and the Khyber Pass to the east, reaching the former capital of Gandhara, Purushapura (Peshawar), on the other side. Peshawar was nothing compared to its former glory, and Buddhism was declining in the region. Xuanzang visited a number of stupas around Peshawar, notably the Kanishka Stupa. This stupa was built just southeast of Peshawar, by a former king of the city. In 1908, it was rediscovered by D.B. Spooner with the help of Xuanzang's account.
A skull relic purported to be that of Xuanzang was held in the Temple of Great Compassion, Tianjin until 1956 when it was taken to Nalanda - allegedly by the Dalai Lama - and presented to India. The relic was in the Patna Museum for a long time but was moved to a newly built memorial hall in Nalanda in 2007. The Wenshu Monastery in Chengdu, Sichuan province also claims to have part of Xuanzang's skull.
Less Common romanizations of "Xuanzang" include Hyun Tsan, Hhuen Kwan, Hiouen Thsang, Hiuen Tsang, Hiuen Tsiang, Hsien-tsang, Hsyan-tsang, Hsuan Chwang, Huan Chwang, Hsuan Tsiang, Hwen Thsang, Hsüan Chwang, Hhüen Kwān, Xuan Cang, Xuan Zang, Shuen Shang, Yuan Chang, Yuan Chwang, and Yuen Chwang. Hsüan, Hüan, Huan and Chuang are also found. The sound written x in pinyin and hs in Wade–Giles, which represents the s- or sh-like [ɕ] in today's Mandarin, was previously pronounced as the h-like [x] in early Mandarin, which accounts for the archaic transliterations with h.
His record of the places visited by him in Bengal — mainly Raktamrittika near Karnasuvarna, Pundranagara and its environs, Samatata , Tamralipti and Harikela— have been very helpful in the recording of the archaeological history of Bengal what is now . His account has also shed welcome light on the history of 7th century Bengal, especially the Gauda kingdom under Shashanka, although at times he can be quite partisan.