Communist revolutionary who led the Việt Minh independence movement, which established the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. He served as prime minister from 1945 to 1955 and as the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945 to 1969.
He worked as a cook's helper on a ship before sailing to the United States in 1912.
South Vietnam's capital, formerly called Saigon, is named after him.
He was married to Zeng Xueming from 1926 until 1969. His father was an official at the imperial court and inspired his revolutionary involvement.