|Who is it?||Father of Biochemistry|
|Birth Day||June 04, 1877|
|Birth Place||Pforzheim, German|
|Age||142 YEARS OLD|
|Died On||5 August 1957(1957-08-05) (aged 80)\nStarnberg, Bavaria, West Germany|
|Alma mater||University of Munich|
|Known for||Bile acids research|
|Awards||Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1927) Otto Hahn Prize for Chemistry and Physics (1955) Fellow of the Royal Society|
|Institutions||Technical University of Munich 1913–21, University of Freiburg 1921–25, University of Munich 1925-|
|Doctoral advisor||Johannes Thiele|
|Doctoral students||Rolf Huisgen, Leopold Horner|
Heinrich's Father, Theodor Wieland (1846–1928) was a pharmacist with a doctorate in chemistry. He owned a gold and silver refinery in Pforzheim. Heinrich Wieland was a cousin of Helene Boehringer, the wife of Albert Boehringer, who was the founder of Boehringer-Ingelheim. From 1915 to the end of 1920, he was advisor at Boehringer-Ingelheim and during this time he established the first scientific department of the company.
In 1901 Wieland received his doctorate at the University of Munich while studying under Johannes Thiele. In 1904 he completed his habilitation, then continued to teach at the university and starting in 1907 was a consultant for Boehringer-Ingelheim. In 1914 he became associate professor for special topics in organic chemistry, and Director of the Organic Division of the State Laboratory in Munich. From 1917 to 1918 Wieland worked in the Service of the (KWI) Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Elektrochemistry in Dahlem then led by Fritz Haber as an alternative to regular military Service. There he was involved in weapons research for instance finding new synthetic routes for mustard gas. He is also credited with the first synthesis of Adamsite.
From 1913 to 1921, he was Professor at the Technical University of Munich. He then moved to the University of Freiburg as successor of Ludwig Gattermann (he also assumed responsibility for Gattermanns famous cookbook). In Freiburg he started working on toad poisons and bile acids. In association with Boehringer-Ingelheim he worked on synthetic alkaloids such as morphine and strychnine
In 1925 Wieland succeeded Richard Willstätter as Chemistry Professor at the University of Munich.
Eva Wieland, Heinrich Wieland's daughter, was married to Feodor Lynen on 14 May 1937.
In 1941, Wieland isolated the toxin alpha-amanitin, the principal active agent of one of the world's most poisonous mushrooms Amanita phalloides.
Since 1964, the Heinrich Wieland Prize has been awarded annually. First to promote research on chemistry, biochemistry, physiology and clinical Medicine of lipids and related substances, nowadays the prize is awarded for outstanding research on biologically active molecules and systems in the fields of chemistry, biochemistry, and physiology as well as on their clinical importance. The prize is among the most treasured international science awards and has a successful history of over 50 years. The Heinrich Wieland Prize has been sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim from 2000 to 2010. From 2011, it has been awarded by the Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation. The awardees have always been selected by an independent Board of Trustees. Since 2014, it has been endowed with 100,000 euros.