Guru Har Krishan

About Guru Har Krishan

Who is it?: Eighth Sikh Guru
Birth Day: July 07, 1656
Died On: March 30, 1664 (1664-03-31) (aged 7)\nDelhi, Mughal Empire (present-day India)
Birth Sign: Leo
Religion: Sikhism
Other names: Bal Guru, The Eighth Master
Cause of death: Smallpox
Spouse: none
Children: none
Parents: Guru Har Rai Mata Krishen
Predecessor: Guru Har Rai
Successor: Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Har Krishan Net Worth

Guru Har Krishan was bornon July 07, 1656, is Eighth Sikh Guru. Guru Har Krishan was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He became the youngest guru in Sikhism when he succeeded his father Guru Har Rai on 7 October 1661 as a five year old. His father, the seventh Sikh Guru died at the young age of 31 and named Har Krishan as his successor. Even though he was just a small child when he assumed the Guru Gaddi, Guru Har Krishan was very wise and mature beyond his age. In fact he was the one who consoled the Sikh followers upon the early death of his father and told them to accept the will of God instead of lamenting or crying. He came to be known as the Bal Guru (Child Guru) and soon became very popular among the masses. He carried on the legacy of his predecessors and possessed a rare ability in explaining passages from the Holy Granth. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb was disturbed by the growing popularity of the young guru and asked him to come to the Mughal court. After meeting the guru Aurangzeb became convinced of his holiness. A very kind hearted person, Guru Har Krishan wholeheartedly served the patients of smallpox during an epidemic and himself contracted the disease as a result. He died of the disease at the age of eight.
Guru Har Krishan is a member of Spiritual & Religious Leaders

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some Guru Har Krishan images

Biography/Timeline

1658

His father, Guru Har Rai ji supported the moderate Sufi influenced Dara Shikoh instead of conservative Sunni influenced Aurangzeb as the two brothers entered into a war of succession to the Mughal Empire throne. After Aurangzeb won the succession war in 1658, he summoned Guru Har Rai in 1660 to explain his support for the executed Dara Shikoh. Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Ram Rai to represent him. Aurangzeb kept the 13 year old Ram Rai as hostage, questioned Ram Rai about a verse in the Adi Granth – the holy text of Sikhs. Aurangzeb claimed that it disparaged the Muslims. Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai excommunicated his elder son, and nominated the younger Har Krishan to succeed as the next Guru of Sikhism.

1660

Earlier it was believed that Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born in Keeratpur (Sivalik Hills) in the North West of the Indian subcontinent to Mata Sulakhni and Guru Har Rai ji. But, as per Dabistan-i-Mazahib (written in 1660), Guru Har Rai spent 13 years (1644 to 1657) at Thapalpur (then Nahan State); hence Guru Harkrishan was born in 1652 at Thapalpur, old Nahan State, now (Lohgarh Zone), Haryana.

1664

Aurangzeb meanwhile rewarded Ram Rai, patronizing him with land grants in Dehra Dun region of the Himalayas. A few years after Guru Har Krishan assumed the role of Sikh leader, Aurangzeb summoned the young Guru to his court, with an apparent plan to replace him with his elder brother Ram Rai as the Sikh Guru. However, Guru Harkrishan Rai contracted smallpox when he arrived in Delhi and his meeting with Aurangzeb was cancelled. On his deathbed, Guru Har Krishan said, "Baba Bakale", and died in 1664. The devout Sikhs interpreted those words to mean that the next Guru is to be found in Bakala village, which they identified as Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism.

2018

Authentic literature with more details about Guru Har Krishan's life and times are scarce and not well recorded. Some of biographies about Guru Har Krishan, particularly about who his mother was, were written in the 18th century such as by Kesar Singh Chhibber, as well as in the 19th century, and these are highly inconsistent.