Frank Sherwood Rowland

About Frank Sherwood Rowland

Who is it?: Atmospheric Chemist
Birth Day: June 28, 1927
Birth Place: Delaware, Ohio, United States, United States
Died On: March 10, 2012(2012-03-10) (aged 84)\nNewport Beach, California
Birth Sign: Cancer
Alma mater: Ohio Wesleyan University (BA) University of Chicago (PhD)
Known for: Ozone depletion research
Awards: ForMemRS (2004) Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1995) Albert Einstein World Award of Science (1994) Peter Debye Award (1993) Japan Prize (1989) Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement (1983) Tolman Award (1976)
Fields: Chemistry
Institutions: University of California, Irvine
Thesis: The epithermal reactions of recoil atoms (1952)
Doctoral advisor: Willard Libby

Frank Sherwood Rowland Net Worth

Frank Sherwood Rowland was bornon June 28, 1927 in Delaware, Ohio, United States, United States, is Atmospheric Chemist. Frank Sherwood Rowland, lovingly called Sherry by his colleagues, was an American chemist and Nobel laureate, who researched in the field of atmospheric chemistry and chemical kinetics. Born in late 1920s in Delaware, he had his education, first at Ohio Wesleyan University and then at the University of Chicago. Thereafter, he began his career at Princeton University as Instructor of Chemistry, shifting from there to the University of Kansas and then to the University of California, where he remained for the rest of his life. It was here at California that he undertook his Nobel Prize winning work on chlorofluorocarbons, which was then being regularly used in air conditioners, refrigerators, and aerosol sprays. Working with Mario Molina, he established that such use had dangerous consequence on the stratospheric ozone layer, making holes in it. Not satisfied with merely establishing the fact, he raised his voice against regular use of CFC and became instrumental to banning it first in the USA and later all over the world. The 1987 Montreal protocol was actually the result of his tireless crusade against the use of chlorofluorocarbons.
Frank Sherwood Rowland is a member of Scientists

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some Frank Sherwood Rowland images

Awards and nominations:

Rowland won numerous awards for his work:

Biography/Timeline

1948

Born in Delaware, Ohio, Rowland received a majority of his education in public schools and, due to accelerated promotion was able to graduate high school several weeks before his 16th birthday. In the summers during his high school career, Frank was entrusted to run the local weather Service station. This was Rowland's first exposure to systematic experimentation and data collection. After entering Ohio Wesleyan University, Rowland was about to graduate shortly before his 18th birthday. Instead, he was enlisted to the Navy to train radar operators. Rowland was discharged after 14 months as a non commissioned officer. After entering the University of Chicago, Rowland was assigned Willard F. Libby as a mentor and began to study radiochemistry. Rowland's thesis was about the chemical state of cyclotron-produced radioactive bromine atoms. Rowland received his B.A. from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1948. He then earned his M.S. in 1951 and his Ph.D. in 1952, both from the University of Chicago.

1952

Rowland held academic posts at Princeton University (1952–56) and at the University of Kansas (1956–64) before becoming a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Irvine, in 1964. At Irvine in the early 1970s he began working with Mario J. Molina. Rowland was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1978 and served as a President of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 1993. His best-known work was the discovery that chlorofluorocarbons contribute to ozone depletion. Rowland theorized that man made organic compound gases combine with solar radiation and decompose in the stratosphere, releasing atoms of chlorine and chlorine monoxide that are individually able to destroy large numbers of ozone molecules. It was obvious that Frank had a good idea of what was occurring at higher altitudes when he stated "...I knew that such a molecule could not remain inert in the atmosphere forever, if only because solar photochemistry at high altitudes would break it down". Rowland's research, first published in Nature magazine in 1974, initiated a scientific investigation of the Problem. In 1978, a first ban on CFC-based aerosols in spray cans was issued in the United States. The actual production did however not stop and was soon on the old levels. It took till the 1980s to allow for a global regulation policy.

1980

Rowland performed many measurements of the atmosphere. One experiment included collecting air samples at various cities and locations around the globe to determine CCl3F North-South mixing. By measuring the concentrations at different latitudes, Rowland was able to see that CCl3F was mixing between hemispheres quite rapidly. The same measurement was repeated 8 years later and the results showed a steady increase in CCl3F concentrations. Rowland's work also showed how the density of the ozone layer varied by season increasing in November and decreasing until April where it levels out for the summer only to increase in November. Data gained throughout successive years showed that although the pattern was consistent, the overall ozone levels were dropping. Rowland and his colleagues interacted both with the public and the political side and suggested various solutions, which allowd to step wise reduce the CFC impact. CFC emissions were regulated first within Canada, the United States, Sweden and Norway. In the 1980s, the Vienna Agreement and the Montreal Protocol allowed for global regulation.

2012

Frank Rowland was the Father of art Historian Ingrid Rowland, and Jeff Rowland. He had two granddaughters. After suffering from a short bout of ill health, Rowland died on March 10, 2012, of complications from Parkinson's disease. Upon hearing the news, renowned Chemist and good friend Mario J. Molina stated: "Sherry was a prime influence throughout my career and had inspired me and many others to walk in the Shadow of his greatness".