Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

About Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

Who is it?: Holy Roman Emperor
Birth Day: December 08, 1708
Birth Place: Nancy, German
Died On: 18 August 1765(1765-08-18) (aged 56)\nPalace of Innsbruck, Austria
Birth Sign: Capricorn
Reign: 27 March 1729 – 9 July 1737
Coronation: 4 October 1745, Frankfurt
Predecessor: Leopold
Successor: Stanisław I
Co-monarch: Maria Theresa
Burial: Imperial Crypt, Vienna
Spouse: Maria Theresa of Austria (m. 1736)
Issue: See Archduchess Maria Elisabeth Archduchess Maria Anna Archduchess Maria Carolina Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Archduchess Maria Christina Archduchess Maria Elisabeth Archduke Charles Joseph Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Archduchess Maria Carolina Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela Archduchess Maria Josepha Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand, Duke of Modena Marie Antoinette, Queen of France and Navarre Maximilian Francis, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne
Full name: Full name Francis Stephen Francis Stephen
House: Lorraine
Father: Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Mother: Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
Religion: Roman Catholicism

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Net Worth

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor was bornon December 08, 1708 in Nancy, German, is Holy Roman Emperor. Francis I was the Holy Roman Emperor who along with his wife founded the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Born to Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine, Francis became the oldest surviving son of his father after the death of his brother Leopold Clement. As such, in 1729, he succeeded his father as the Duke of Lorraine. Family relations with Emperor Charles VI led to an alliance between Francis and Maria Theresa. Under the alliance, Francis was to marry Maria Theresa. He had to give up on his dukedom of Lorraine and instead was to be made Grand Duke of Tuscany. From 1737 until his death in 1765, he served as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1740, he became the Archduke of Austria and in 1745 was appointed as the Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being in powerful position, Francis rarely executed the powers he had, which was mostly used by his wife—the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor is a member of Historical Personalities

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1722

At the age of 15, when he was brought to Vienna, he was established in the Silesian Duchy of Teschen, which had been mediatised and granted to his father by the Emperor in 1722. Francis succeeded his father as Duke of Lorraine in 1729. In 1731 he was initiated into freemasonry (Grand Lodge of England) by John Theophilus Desaguliers at a specially convened lodge in The Hague at the house of the British Ambassador, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. During a subsequent visit to England, Francis was made a Master Mason at another specially convened lodge at Houghton Hall, the Norfolk estate of British Prime Minister Robert Walpole.

1732

Maria Theresa arranged for Francis to become "Lord Lieutenant" (locumtenens) of Hungary in 1732. He was not excited about this position, but Maria Theresa wanted him closer to her. In June 1732 he agreed to go to Pressburg.

1733

When the War of the Polish Succession broke out in 1733, France used it as an opportunity to seize Lorraine, since France's prime minister, Cardinal Fleury, was concerned that, as a Habsburg possession, it would bring Austrian power too close to France.

1735

A preliminary peace was concluded in October 1735 and ratified in the Treaty of Vienna in November 1738. Under its terms, Stanisław I, the father-in-law of King Louis XV and the losing claimant to the Polish throne, received Lorraine, while Francis, in compensation for his loss, was made heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which he would inherit in 1737.

1736

They married on 12 February in the Augustinian Church, Vienna. The wedding was held on 14 February 1736. The (secret) treaty between the Emperor and Francis was signed on 4 May 1736. In January 1737, the Spanish troops withdrew from Tuscany, and were replaced by 6,000 Austrians. On 24 January 1737 Francis received Tuscany from his father-in-law. Until then, Maria Theresa was Duchess of Lorraine.

1737

Gian Gastone de' Medici, who died on 9 July 1737, was the second cousin of Francis (Gian Gastone and Francis' father Leopold were both great-grandchildren of Francis II, Duke of Lorraine), who also had Medici blood through his maternal great-great-grandmother Marie de' Medici, Queen consort of France and Navarre. In June 1737 Francis went to Hungary again to fight against the Turks. In October 1738 he was back in Vienna. On 17 December 1738 the couple travelled south, accompanied by his brother Charles to visit Florence for three months. They arrived on 20 January 1739.

1744

In 1744 Francis' brother Charles married a younger sister of Maria Theresa, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria. In 1744 Charles became governor of the Austrian Netherlands, a post he held until his death in 1780.

1745

Maria Theresa secured in the Treaty of Füssen his election to the Empire on 13 September 1745, in succession to Charles VII, and she made him co-regent of her hereditary dominions.

1755

Maria Theresa and Francis I had sixteen children, amongst them the last pre-revolutionary queen consort of France, their youngest daughter, Marie Antoinette (1755–1793). Francis was succeeded as Emperor by his eldest son, Joseph II, and as Grand Duke of Tuscany by his younger son, Peter Leopold (later Emperor Leopold II). Maria Theresa retained the government of her dominions until her own death in 1780.

1765

He died suddenly in his carriage while returning from the opera at Innsbruck on 18 August 1765. He is buried in tomb number 55 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.

1780

Francis was well content to leave the wielding of power to his able wife. He had a natural fund of good sense and brilliant Business capacity and was a useful assistant to Maria Theresa in the laborious task of governing the complicated Austrian dominions, but he was not active in politics or diplomacy. However, his wife left him in charge of the financial affairs, which he managed well until his death. Heavily indebted and on the verge of bankruptcy at the end of the Seven Years' War, the Austrian Empire was in a better financial condition than France or England in the 1780s. He also took a great interest in the natural sciences. He was a member of the Freemasons.