Edward III of England

About Edward III of England

Who is it?: King of England
Birth Day: November 13, 1312
Birth Place: Windsor Castle, British
Died On: 21 June 1377(1377-06-21) (aged 64)\nSheen Palace, Richmond
Birth Sign: Sagittarius
Reign: 25 January 1327 – 21 June 1377
Coronation: 1 February 1327
Predecessor: Edward II
Successor: Richard II
Regent: Isabella and Roger Mortimer (1327—1330)
Burial: 5 July 1377 Westminster Abbey, London
Spouse: Philippa of Hainault
Issue Detail: Edward, the Black Prince Isabella, Countess of Bedford Joan Lionel, Duke of Clarence John, Duke of Lancaster Edmund, Duke of York Mary, Duchess of Brittany Margaret, Countess of Pembroke Thomas, Duke of Gloucester
House: Plantagenet
Father: Edward II of England
Mother: Isabella of France
Religion: Catholicism

Edward III of England Net Worth

Edward III of England was bornon November 13, 1312 in Windsor Castle, British, is King of England. Edward III served as the King of England from 1327 until 1377. He came to power at the time when England was going through a difficult phase, with an inactive King who was keener on bestowing favours to his exclusive patronage rather than improving the condition of the country. King Edward III was charismatic and dominant. He transformed the Kingdom of England from the disastrous reign of his father into one of the most formidable military powers. He was commended for his military shrewdness and warfare aptitude. It was under his rule that the Hundred Years’ War commenced as his claim for being the rightful heir to the French throne was denied. The highlight of his career came at the Battle of Crecy when his tactical measures and military skills helped the heavily outnumbered English army to gain a resounding victory over the large French army. The victory at Crecy led to another one at Poitiers by his son, Edward, which finally culminated into the signing of the highly favourable Treaty of Brétigny, which secured English possession of French sovereignty in return for relinquishing his claim to the French throne. In addition to military achievements, King Edward III reign also witnessed vital developments in legislation and government. He also helped England safely sail through the ravages of the bubonic plague, Black Death
Edward III of England is a member of Historical Personalities

💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Famous Quotes:

Edward III was not a statesman, though he possessed some qualifications which might have made him a successful one. He was a warrior; ambitious, unscrupulous, selfish, extravagant and ostentatious. His obligations as a king sat very lightly on him. He felt himself bound by no special duty, either to maintain the theory of royal supremacy or to follow a policy which would benefit his people. Like Richard I, he valued England primarily as a source of supplies.

— William Stubbs, The Constitutional History of England

Biography/Timeline

1960

Influential as Stubbs was, it was long before this view was challenged. In a 1960 article, titled "Edward III and the Historians", May McKisack pointed out the teleological nature of Stubbs' judgement. A medieval king could not be expected to work towards some Future ideal of a parliamentary monarchy as if it were good in itself; rather, his role was a pragmatic one—to maintain order and solve problems as they arose. At this, Edward III excelled. Edward had also been accused of endowing his younger sons too liberally and thereby promoting dynastic strife culminating in the Wars of the Roses. This claim was rejected by K.B. McFarlane, who argued that this was not only the Common policy of the age, but also the best. Later biographers of the king such as Mark Ormrod and Ian Mortimer have followed this historiographical trend. The older negative view has not completely disappeared; as recently as 2001, Norman Cantor described Edward III as an "avaricious and sadistic thug" and a "destructive and merciless force."

2013

Through the steady taxation of Edward III's reign, parliament – and in particular the Commons – gained political influence. A consensus emerged that in order for a tax to be just, the king had to prove its necessity, it had to be granted by the community of the realm, and it had to be to the benefit of that community. In addition to imposing taxes, parliament would also present petitions for redress of grievances to the king, most often concerning misgovernment by royal officials. This way the system was beneficial for both parties. Through this process the commons, and the community they represented, became increasingly politically aware, and the foundation was laid for the particular English brand of constitutional monarchy.