Charles Glover Barkla

About Charles Glover Barkla

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: June 07, 1877
Birth Place: Widnes, Lancashire, England, British
Died On: 23 October 1944(1944-10-23) (aged 67)\nEdinburgh, Scotland
Birth Sign: Cancer
Alma mater: University College Liverpool Trinity College, Cambridge King's College, Cambridge
Known for: X-ray scattering X-ray spectroscopy
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1917) Hughes Medal of the Royal Society
Fields: Physics
Institutions: University of Cambridge University of Liverpool King's College London University of Edinburgh
Academic advisors: J. J. Thomson Oliver Lodge

Charles Glover Barkla Net Worth

Charles Glover Barkla was bornon June 07, 1877 in Widnes, Lancashire, England, British, is Physicist. Charles Glover Barkla was a British physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917 for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements. Born at Widnes, Lancashire, he was a brilliant student from the start. He joined the University College, Liverpool, where he studied physics under Sir Oliver Lodge. It is possible that his interest in radiation was developed at this time. Subsequently, after earning his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree from Liverpool he joined Trinity College, Cambridge and there he started working under J.J. Thompson at the Cavendish Laboratory on velocity of electromagnetic waves. Later he went back to the University of Liverpool from where he earned his D.Sc. Subsequently, he worked for four years at the same institute first as demonstrator, then as Assistant Lecturer and finally as a full Professor. Afterwards, he spent around four more years at the King's College at the University of London and lastly joined the University of Edinburg as the Professor of Natural Philosophy, a position he held until his death. Over the years, he gained considerable reputation as an experimental physicist and earned the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on X-ray.
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💰 Net worth: Under Review

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Biography/Timeline

1899

In 1899 Barkla was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, with an 1851 Research Fellowship from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, to work in the Cavendish Laboratory under the Physicist J. J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron). During his first two years at Cambridge, Barkla would, under the directions of Thomson, study the velocity of electromagnetic waves along wires of different widths and materials.

1903

After a year and a half at Trinity College, Cambridge, his love of music led him to transfer to King's College, Cambridge, in order to sing in their chapel choir. Barkla's baritone voice was of remarkable beauty and his solo performances would always be fully attended. He completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1903, and then his Master of Arts degree in 1907. He married Mary Esther Cowell in the same year, with whom he would have two sons and one daughter.

1913

In 1913, after having worked at the Universities of Cambridge, Liverpool, and King's College London, Barkla was appointed as a Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh in 1913, a position that he held until his death.

1917

Barkla made significant progress in developing and refining the laws of X-ray scattering, X-ray spectroscopy, the principles governing the transmission of X-rays through matter, and especially the principles of the excitation of secondary X-rays. For his discovery of the characteristic X-rays of elements, Barkla was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917. He was also awarded the Hughes Medal of the British Royal Society that same year.

2012

The lunar crater Barkla was named in the honour of Charles Barkla. A commemorative plaque has been installed in the vicinity of the Canongate, near the Faculty of Education Buildings, at the University of Edinburgh. Additionally, a lecture theatre at the University of Liverpool's Physics department, as well as a Biophysics laboratory in the Biological science department, are named after him. In 2012 a gritter in Barkla's home town of Widnes was named in his honour, following a competition run by the local newspaper.