Carl O. Sauer

About Carl O. Sauer

Who is it?: Geographer
Birth Day: December 18, 1924
Birth Place: Warrenton, Missouri, US, United States
Died On: July 18, 1975
Birth Sign: Capricorn

Carl O. Sauer Net Worth

Carl O. Sauer was bornon December 18, 1924 in Warrenton, Missouri, US, United States, is Geographer. Carl Ortwin Sauer was one of the most prominent geographers in America during the twentieth century. He was an advocate of the effect of human intervention in the formation of the landscape, cultures, societies, history and environment of various areas around the globe especially Latin America and less industrialized zones of North America. He was a fierce critic of environmental determinism though he had been a teacher of the subject at one point of time. He focused on the diffusion of animals and plants and the impact on the geography due to the conquest of the indigenous people in North America, the Red Indians, by the whites. He was extremely critical of the government for not providing any policy that could bring about a sustainable use of land and its resources. He started a new school of thought that the geography of an area is more dependent on the humans who have changed it rather than nature. He introduced the term ‘landscape’ into American geography which could be a ‘natural landscape’ or a ‘cultural landscape’. He suggested that landscape is a viable alternative to environmental determinism which describes the casual influence of the environment on humans, whereas, the landscape approach studies the impact of humans on the environment. In his opinion geography is ‘cultural landscape’ rather than ‘natural landscape’.
Carl O. Sauer is a member of Intellectuals & Academics

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some Carl O. Sauer images

Awards and nominations:

He was awarded an Honorary Fellowship from the American Geographical Society in 1935, and its Daly Medal in 1940.

Biography/Timeline

1915

Sauer, of German ancestry, was born in Warrenton, Missouri and graduated from the University of Chicago with a Ph.D. in 1915.

1930

Sauer graduated many doctoral students, the majority completing dissertations on Latin American and Caribbean topics and thereby founding the Berkeley School of Latin Americanist Geography. The first generation consisted of Sauer's own students: Fred B. Kniffen (1930), Peveril Meigs (1932), Donald Brand (1933), Henry Bruman (1940), Felix W. McBryde (1940), Robert Bowman (1941), Dan Stanislawski (1944), Robert C. West (1946), James J. Parsons (1948), Edwin Doran (1953), Philip Wagner (1953), Brigham Arnold (1954), Homer Aschmann (1954), B. LeRoy Gordon (1954), Gordon Merrill (1957), Donald Innis (1958), Marvin W. Mikesell (1958), Carl Johannessen (1959), Clinton Edwards (1962), and Leonard Sawatzky (1967).

1935

He was awarded an Honorary Fellowship from the American Geographical Society in 1935, and its Daly Medal in 1940.

1959

Among them, Parsons remained at the University of California at Berkeley and became prolific in directing Latin Americanist doctoral dissertations. His doctoral students formed the second generation of the Berkeley School: Campbell Pennington (1959), william Denevan (1963), David Harris (1963), David Radell (1964), Thomas Veblen (1975), Karl Zimmerer (1987), Paul F. Starrs (1989), John B. Wright (1990), and David J. Larson (1994). Apart from Latin America, Parsons' Ph.D. students such as Alvin W. Urquhart (1962) also worked in Africa.

1967

Denevan became a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and, in turn, produced a third generation: Daniel Gade (1967), Bernard Nietschmann (1970), Roger Byrne (1972), Roland Bergmann (1974), Billie Lee Turner II (1974), Gregory Knapp (1984), Kent Mathewson (1987), John M. Treacy (1989), and Oliver Coomes (1992). Mikesell became a professor at the University of Chicago and also produced a third generation.

1979

A member of the fourth generation, william E. Doolittle studied with Turner, earned the Ph.D. in 1979, became a professor in the Department of Geography and the Environment at University of Texas at Austin, and has extended the school into the fifth generation: Dean P. Lambert (1992), Andrew Sluyter (1995), Emily H. Young (1995), Eric P. Perramond (1999), Phil L. Crossley (1999), Jerry O. (Joby) Bass (2003), Maria G. Fadiman (2003), and Matthew Fry (2008).

2014

Sauer was a fierce critic of environmental determinism, which was the prevailing theory in geography when he began his career. He proposed instead an approach variously called "landscape morphology" or "cultural history." This approach involved the inductive gathering of facts about the human impact on the landscape over time. Sauer rejected positivism, preferring particularist and historicist understandings of the world. He drew on the work of Anthropologist Alfred Kroeber and was influenced by German Latin Americanist geographer Oskar Schmieder—a disciple of Hettner—, and later critics accused him of introducing a "superorganic" concept of culture into geography. Politically Sauer was a conservative, but expressed concern about the way that modern capitalism and centralized government were destroying the cultural diversity and environmental health of the world. He believed that agriculture, and domestication of plants and animals had an effect on the physical environment.