Birendra of Nepal

About Birendra of Nepal

Who is it?: 11th King of Nepal
Birth Day: December 29, 1944
Birth Place: Narayanhity Palace, Nepalese
Died On: 1 June 2001(2001-06-01) (aged 56)\nNarayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Nepal
Birth Sign: Capricorn
Reign: 31 January 1972 – 1 June 2001
Coronation: 24 February 1975
Predecessor: Mahendra
Successor: Dipendra
Consort: Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi
Issue: King Dipendra Princess Shruti Prince Nirajan
House: Shah
Father: King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Mother: Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi
Religion: Hindu
Reference style: His Royal Majesty
Spoken style: Your Royal Majesty
Alternative style: Sir

Birendra of Nepal Net Worth

Birendra of Nepal was bornon December 29, 1944 in Narayanhity Palace, Nepalese, is 11th King of Nepal. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and is believed to be the best king among all the monarchs who have ruled the country. He was a kind and emotional person from a very young age and was very popular as a monarch among the people of the country. He was the first monarch of Nepal who wanted his countrymen to have an experience of actual democracy where there would be a form of panchayat system that would be beneficial to all. He also wanted that the absolute power vested with the monarch be abolished and there should be a ‘Constitutional Monarchy’ instead. The ‘People’s Movement’ in 1990 was a success because of his simple and democratic views. He was the one who suggested the formation of SAARC consisting of Asian countries which would boost the relations and economy of all the member countries.
Birendra of Nepal is a member of Historical Personalities

💰 Net worth: Under Review

Some Birendra of Nepal images

Biography/Timeline

1923

H.M. Svasti Sri Giriraja Chakra Chudamani Narayanetyadi Vividha Virudavali Virajamana Manonnata Mahendramala Parama-Nepal-Pratap-Bhaskara Parama-Ojaswi-Rajanya Parama-Gaurabmaya-Tejaswi-Tribhuvana-Prajatantra-Shripada Parama-Ujjwala-Kirtimaya-Nepal-Shripada Parama-Projjwala-Nepal-Tara Parama-Pavitra-Om-Ram-Patta Parama-Jyotirmaya-Subikhyata-Tri-Shakti-Patta Parama-Suprasiddha-Prabala-Gorkha-Dakshina-Bahu Paramadhipati Atirathi Parama Senadhipati Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Shriman Maharajadhiraja Birendra Bir Bikram Jang Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samara Vijayinam, King of Nepal, Royal Victorian Chain (23.2.1975)

1955

Birendra spent eight years studying at St Joseph's School, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling, with his brother Gyanendra. On 13 March 1955 their grandfather King Tribhuvan died and their father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. With his father's ascension King Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal.

1959

In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at Eton College in the United Kingdom. After studying at Eton until 1964, he returned to Nepal where he began to explore the country by travelling on foot to the remote parts of the country where he lived on whatever was available in the villages and monasteries. He later completed his education by spending some time at the University of Tokyo, before studying political theory at Harvard University from 1967 to 1968. King Birendra enjoyed traveling in his youth and went on trips to Canada, Latin America, Africa, many parts of India and a number of other Asian countries. He was also an art collector and supporter of Nepalese crafts people and artists, and learnt to fly helicopters.

1970


King Birendra was married to Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi from the Rana family, his second cousin, on 27 February 1970. The wedding, which was billed as one of the most lavish Hindu nuptial ceremonies in history, cost $9.5 million to stage. King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya had three children:

1972

Birendra succeeded to the Nepalese throne on 31 January 1972, at the age of 27, after the death of his father King Mahendra. On his ascension he was effectively an absolute monarch, as he inherited a country where political parties were banned and he ruled through a system of local and regional councils known as panchayats. Birendra resented the imputation that he was an absolute monarch, maintaining that he presided over a democracy in which representatives to the assembly were indirectly elected and saying that his poor and backward country could not afford a democracy based on party politics and that it needed firm and decisive government. His first trips abroad as king were to India in October 1973 and China two months later as he believed that Nepal, sandwiched between the two Asian powers, should have good relations with both.

1975

After his father's (King Mahendra) death in 1972, King Birendra consulted his court astrologers, who advised him to delay his coronation for three years, with the most auspicious moment for his crowning being at 8:37 am precisely on February 4, 1975. Soon after dawn on that day, King Birendra was driven to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka ("gate of the monkey god"). There he was smeared with mud taken from various symbolic places - the bottom of a lake, the tusk of an elephant, a mountain, the confluence of two rivers and the doorstep of a prostitute's house. Then, with Queen Aishwarya beside him, he was cleansed with butter, milk, yogurt and honey as Priests chanted praises and salutations.

1980

He was appointed as a British Field Marshal in 1980.

1989

In 1989, when the People’s Movement I was taking momentum, as a condition of safeguarding the panchayat system, India put forward some conditions to King Birendra aimed at taking control of national sovereignty. If the King had accepted these conditions, the panchayat system would not have ended. But the king said that, "It is better to surrender to the people rather than surrender to India.”

1990

In 1990, a series of strikes and pro-democracy riots broke out in Nepal. Because of the rioting, King Birendra lifted the ban on political parties and agreed to become a constitutional monarch in April, 1990. He appointed an independent Constitution Recommendation Commission to represent the main opposition factions and to prepare a new constitution to accommodate their demands for political reform. The commission presented him with the draft of the proposed constitution on 10 September 1990. The new constitution would make Birendra head of state of a constitutional monarchy with a system of multiparty democracy. The draft constitution was approved by the Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet and so, on 9 November 1990, Birendra promulgated the new constitution transforming Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. King Birendra appointed an interim government to pave the way for elections. To head this he chose Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, who he had imprisoned for several years. In a discussion on BBC radio, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai spoke of King Birendra's impeccable personal manners and courtesy and his equally impeccable role as a constitutional monarch.

1996

However, the quarrels between various political parties and numerous social problems led to the Nepalese Civil War, a conflict between Maoist rebels and government forces, which lasted from 1996 until 2006.

2001

The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001.