Anton Hansen Tammsaare

About Anton Hansen Tammsaare

Who is it?: Writer
Birth Day: January 30, 1878
Birth Place: Albu Parish, Estonian
Died On: 1 March 1940(1940-03-01) (aged 62)\nTallinn, Estonia
Birth Sign: Aquarius
Other names: A. H. Tammsaare
Occupation: Novelist
Years active: 1900–1940
Spouse(s): Käthe-Amalie Veltman (m. 1920; his death 1940)
Children: Riita Tammsaare Eerik Tammsaare

Anton Hansen Tammsaare Net Worth

Anton Hansen Tammsaare was bornon January 30, 1878 in Albu Parish, Estonian, is Writer. Anton Hansen Tammsaare was an Estonian writer who is best known for his pentalogy ‘Truth and Justice’, which is regarded as one of the foundational works in Estonian literature. Born to a poor farmer, he somehow managed to gather enough money to supported his education. After completing matriculation, he joined the University of Tartu to study law but unfortunately contracted tuberculosis and withdrew without obtaining a degree. He had a keen interest in writing from an early age and after recovering from the illness, he decided to pursue a career in literature. His early works reflected the atmosphere of the revolution of 1905, succeeded by several short urban novels and collections of miniatures. Later, when Estonia became independent, he wrote prose works based on the history and lives of the Estonian people. These works earned him a prominent place in Estonian literature and he was able to connect with the readers on an emotional level. Subsequently, he published his groundbreaking five-volume saga titled ‘Truth and Justice’ which laid the foundation of Estonian literature and earned him much appreciation for emphasizing on the critical questions in life. Throughout his literary career, he published numerous literary works, most of which remained closely connected with the history of Estonia. Crowned as the most famous writer of Estonia, his classics continue to make their way to the hearts of readers
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💰 Net worth: $4 Million

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Biography/Timeline

1905

Truth and Justice comprises five volumes, which have no individual titles (some were added in translation). Since vol. 3 contains a description about the Russian Revolution of 1905, which is not informed by ideology but by an existential attention to individual suffering, it was often combined with vol. 2 by Soviet censorship.

1911

Tammsaare was born in Järvamaa, in the municipality of Albu, village of Vetepere, the son of a farmer. He came from a poor background, but managed to collect enough money for his education. More so his family was quite enlightened for the time, with his father for instance ordering newspapers, which most Estonian farmers didn't. He studied in Väike-Maarja and Tartu in Hugo Treffner's Gymnasium, and afterwards at the University of Tartu, where he studied law. Tammsaare's studies were interrupted by tuberculosis in 1911. He spent over a year in a sanatorium in Sochi — where his memorial house is open to the public — and the following six years in his brother's farm in Koitjärve, Estonia (now part of Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve), reading works of Cervantes, Shakespeare and Homer. His younger sister, Maria Hansen, was the mother of Tammaare's nephew, actor Arno Suurorg.

1918

In 1918, when Estonia became independent, Tammsaare moved to Tallinn. It was here that Tammsaare wrote those prose works, based on the history and lives of the Estonian people, which have gained him a prominent place in Estonian literature.

1978

Tammsaare was interested in philosophy and psychology. His novels reflect the ideas of Bergson, Jung and Freud . He was, however, sceptical about cosmopolitanism. “European culture”, he wrote “is something to be overcome if one wishes to see the triumph of love, justice and humanity spoken of so glibly.” Like Carl Robert Jakobson and Jaan Tõnisson's Tartu Renaissance group, he believed that Estonian culture was best served by farmers and intellectuals from rural backgrounds. His work was influenced( at various stages) by Oscar Wilde, Knut Hamsun and André Gide, but, above all, by the Russian realists. “In the whole of world literature," said Tammsaare, I have never read anything to compare to the Russians... there is no one to compare to Tolstoy, Dostoievsky or Gogol"... Dostoievsky “really disturbed me: I lived in a waking dream under his influence. I was especially gripped by Crime and punishment (reference: A.H Tammsaare. L. Siimisker, A.Palm. Eesti Rammat. Tallinn 1978. P:64)

2014

Truth and Justice was not translated into English until 2014, when Haute Culture Books published the first volume of the saga under the name "Andres and Pearu". There are two complete translations into German and one each into French, Latvian, and Czech. Volume 1 has also been translated into Finnish, Polish, and Hungarian (with the title, Orcad veritekevel).